Comparison between Dental Implant Restoration with Fixed Crown and Bridge and Removable dentures for missing teeth

Dental Implants / Fixed Crown & Bridge
Full and partial Dentures

Dr Aola Imcha
Perfect Smile Dental Care

What are dental Implants? A dental implant is a titanium post (like a tooth root) that is surgically positioned into the jawbone beneath the gum line that provides a permanent base for fixed, replacement teeth. Dental Implants are quickly becoming the new standard in tooth replacement because they fit, feel and function like natural teeth and enhances your overall quality of life as it allows both your smile and mouth function to be more natural, which results in increased comfort and confidence when smiling, speaking, and eating. It also gives the strength and stability required to eat all food one requires. In today’s generation where looking good is a must, a major benefit to dental implants is that they preserve bone and prevent further deterioration of the facial structure, and therefore improve appearance and retains your natural face shape, and smile. A face without teeth can sag and appear sunken and sad. When most or all the natural teeth are missing, there is nothing left in the jawbone to stimulate bone growth. These results in rapid deterioration of the facial structure e.g. lips fold in, the lower face shrivels up to create a witch-like chin, and wrinkles also develop around the mouth to create “marionette lines.” This makes the person look much older than they actually are. With dental implants, wrinkles and facial structure crumpling is eliminated .Even if enough bone is unavailable the option of ridge modification can be done by placing bone substitutes to build up the ridge which gives you enough bone for a successful Implant.


What are fixed Bridge & Crown? Bridges and crowns are fixed prosthetic devices that are cemented onto existing teeth by a dentist. Bridges are commonly used to cover a space if one or more teeth are missing. Crowns are used most commonly to entirely cover or “cap” a damaged tooth. Placing a tooth-supported bridge requires grinding away the teeth on one or both sides of the missing tooth, thereby damaging healthy teeth to restore those that are missing. The modified healthy teeth are attached to, and support, the bridge. Materials that are used are Zirconium, Porcelain or metal.


What are removable dentures? They can be of partial or full dentures. Full dentures are those where all teeth are missing in aged patient. A removable partial denture is for partially edentulous patient who desires to have multiple replacement teeth for functional or aesthetic reasons.


Now, Compared to removable dentures and bridges & crowns, Dental implants are a popular and effective long-term solution for people who suffer from missing teeth because they have a good track record of reliable, long-term successful outcomes and they are the only dental restoration option that preserves and stimulates natural bone, actually helping to stimulate bone growth and prevent bone loss. Tooth replacement with traditional tooth-supported bridges often requires a dentist to grind down teeth that are adjacent to the missing teeth so that the bridge can be cemented onto them and into place. The natural tooth structure that is lost can never be replaced. In contrast, dental implants go in the jawbone where your missing tooth root was, without damaging healthy teeth. Partial dentures on the other hand have clasps that hook onto adjacent teeth, which put pressure on eating and making it more painful. Also an implant doesn’t come loose like a denture can. Traditional tooth supported bridges can only last five to seven years, and with proper care often more than 10 years, but at some point they may need to be replaced. While dental implants may need periodic adjustments but they can last a lifetime.


The important thing to remember is that chewing is the essential first step of digestion, yet often we overlook it. When you chew your food properly, your body releases enzymes into the stomach that helps break down food so that your body can convert it into energy. When natural teeth are extracted or missing, you not only lose functionality but also can experience a host of other issues and so replacing missing teeth is important to your overall health and also to the health of your other remaining teeth.


Needless to say not every patient can be an eligible candidate for dental Implants because it depends upon many factors related to systemic health etc but with all these advantages, Dental implants have emerged as the preferred choice for tooth replacement that can last a life time.