Veterinary Hospital Kohima
Prevention is better than cure because treatment is much costlier and involves risk factor. Preventive measure is cost effective and reliably cheaper to protect animal from infection/disease. The secret of disease control in a livestock farm lies not in the use of medicine and vaccination but mostly in good sanitation practices.
Many diseases of animal can be prevented to a great extent if farmer practices good sanitation measure. Effectiveness of sanitation depends on thoroughness of cleaning and disinfection. Farm sanitation usually begins with a clean sanitized shed; it also includes proper drainage system around farm premises to avoid water logging since stagnation of water helps in propagation of microbes in the farm.
To have a farm with disease free healthy animal and to get maximum output some good sanitation practices to be followed are-
1. The animal shed should be well-ventilated, airy and dry with sufficient floor space
2. The bedding materials should be routinely exposed to sunlight
3. The animals should be exposed to direct sunlight everyday for some hours
4. Thorough daily cleaning like brushing of walls, floors and spraying disinfectant like phenyl, bleaching powder to keep the animals shed free from infective parasitic eggs and micro organisms
5. Regular grooming, clipping of long body coat and bathing of the animals is very effective to prevent skin/ecto-parasite infection
6. The feeder/water trough must be cleaned daily to avoid caking and fungal growth on it
7. Clean and cold potable water must always be available in ample quantity to the animals
8. Disposal of excreta, feeds and fodder waste should be arranged at some distance away from the animal shed
9. Provide well balanced good quality diet according to age, size, breed and purpose of rearing
10. Segregation of diseased animals from healthy ones
11. Restrict the entry of visitor, arrange foot dip (i.e. water mixed, disinfectant) at the entrance of the farm to prevent spreading of diseases from one farm to another