Naga women during paddy harvesting in Nagaland. (Morung File Photo)
Rural women contribute more to workforce than urban women
Kohima | March 2
Census 2011 shows that women in Nagaland State are participants in 44.7% of the total workforce which has 53.4% participation of males.
This was stated in the Annual Administrative Report (2018-19) of the Department of Economics & Statistics (DES) Nagaland tabled in the recently concluded 3rd session of the 13th Nagaland Legislative Assembly here. The report stated that the rural sector in Nagaland State has a better female workforce participation rate of 52.3% compared to urban sector which has only 25.9%.
There is a huge gap in rural and urban female work force participation.
In the categories of workers, the percentage of female cultivators (65.2%) and agricultural labourers (7.3%) is more than their counterpart male cultivators (47.4%) and male agricultural labourer (5.8%).
On the other hand, female has less percentage of workers (24.4%) in other workers’ category as compared with male which has 45%.
As per 6th Economic Census 2013, DES, female employees engaged in the non agricultural activities comprised of 33.23% and male employees comprised of 66.77%.
During 2016-17, percentage of female employment in the public sector constituted 23.70% to total employment whereas in the private sector it constituted 51.80% to total employment.
The report stated that during 2017, total female government employees comprised of 30.35% whereas male government employee comprised of 69.65%.
Categories of government female employees in percentage stands ; Class- 1: 37%, Class- II- 31%, Class III- 26% and Class IV- 36%.
India: low female workforce participation
India’s female labour force participation is much lower as compared to figures world over, Amitabh Kant, CEO, NITI Aayog, said.
“India’s female labour force participation is very low at 27 per cent compared to 78 per cent of men. This is much lower compared to the figures world over,” Kant said while addressing the second edition of Gender Equality Summit organised by Global Compact Network India – the local arm of UN Global Compact, New York.
Kant said that “there is a need to strive for gender equality, and uneven play between men and women comes at a significant economic cost that weighs very heavily on India’s growth”.
Kamal Singh, Executive Director, Global Compact Network India, said that “for the growth and true success of the nation, gender diversity is imperative and we should strive towards achieving it”.
With Inputs from IANS