Morung Express News
Dimapur | March 30
Better employment opportunities are the biggest challenge or concern of Indian voters, followed by better hospitals or primary health centres and drinking water, an all India survey has revealed.
The survey conducted by the Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR) from October to December 2018 revealed that Indian voters prioritize employment and basic amenities (like Healthcare, Drinking Water, Better Roads etc.) above all governance issues (including Terrorism and Strong Defence/Military).
Covering 534 Lok Sabha constituencies with 2, 73,487 voters spread among various demographics, ADR said that the three main objectives of this survey were to identify the following: voters’ priorities on specific governance issues, voters’ ratings of the government’s performance on those issues, and factors affecting voting behaviour.
As per the survey, Better Employment Opportunities (46.80%), Better Health Care (34.60%) and Drinking Water (30.50%) are the top three voters’ priorities at the all India level, followed by Better Roads (28.34%) and Better Public Transport (27.35%) at the fourth and the fifth place, respectively.
The top two concerns continue to remain at the top in both All India Mid-Term Survey 2017 and All India Survey 2018, the survey said.
The alarming rise of Better Employment Opportunities as voter’s highest priority has increased by 56.67% from 30% in 2017 to 47% in 2018 while the government’s performance on the same declined from 3.17 to 2.15 on a scale of 5, it added.
Drinking water as a top priority of voters also shows massive rise by 150% from 12% in 2017 to 30% in 2018 even as the performance of the government declined from 2.79 to 2.52.
Agriculture governance related issue also surfaced prominently in the voters’ priorities. Availability of Water for Agriculture (26.40%) that was ranked sixth, Agriculture Loan Availability (25.62%) that was ranked seventh, Higher Price Realization for Farm Products (25.41%) that was ranked eighth, and Agriculture Subsidy for Seeds/Fertilsers (25.06%) that was ranked ninth. Better Law and Order / Policing featured as the tenth voters’ priorities.
The government’s performance score on the top 10 voters’ priorities is below average, the survey revealed.
The voters prioritizing of issues like employment healthcare, drinking water, better roads etc over issues like terrorism and strong defence or military is “indisputably is a result of prevailing governance deficit in these sectors that is causing deprivation to the average Indian voter,” highlighted the survey.
This is also leading to the denial of their fundamental rights like Right to live with human dignity as embodied in the Article-21 of the Constitution,” it added.
For inclusive and equitable development, it is important that the government ensures that such basic services reach all sections of the society, as it is key to developing human capabilities, it further stressed.
Meanwhile another survey conducted by the Pew Research Center also reported that lack of employment opportunities is seen by the Indian public as the biggest challenge. The Pew report stated that 76 per cent of adults concurred that unemployment is a “very big problem and little has changed over the past year”.
“In 2018, despite an estimated 3.5 per cent formal unemployment rate, 18.6 million Indians were jobless and another 393.7 million work in poor-quality jobs vulnerable to displacement, according to estimates by the International Labour Office,” said the report.
Voting Behaviour: CM candidate matters liquor, other inducements too swing
Morung Express News
Dimapur | March 30
The Chief Minister for an election is a big deciding factor for voting, however cash, liquor and other freebies too are big deciding factor, an all India survey.
The survey conducted by the Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR) from October to December 2018 revealed that for 75% of voters CM candidate was the most important reason behind voting for a particular candidate. It was followed by candidate’s party (71.32%) and the candidate himself/herself (68.03%).
However, the survey noted that for 41.34% voters, distribution of cash, liquor, gifts etc. was an important factor behind voting a particular candidate in an election.
It is distressing, it said.
In regard to candidates with criminal record, maximum number of voters (36.67%) felt that people vote for such candidates because they are unaware of his/her criminal records while 35.89% voters are also willing to vote for a candidate with criminal records if the candidate has done good work in the past.
Although, 97.86% voters felt that candidates with criminal background should not be in Parliament or State Assembly, only 35.20% voters knew that they could get information on criminal records of the candidates.