Brucellosis In Dairy Animal And Its Preventive Measures

Brucellosis In Dairy Animal And Its Preventive Measures

Veterinary Hospital Kohima

Brucellosis is an important bacterial zoonatic disease and cause heavy economic loss. It is cause by Brucella abortus or Brucella melitensis. It is a disease of sexually matured animals and is transmitted by direct contact from infected animals to healthy animals or through contaminated feeds, water, milk , milk products or from uterine discharge/ secretion, aborted foetus of infected animals. The disease is also transmissible to human beings through direct contact with infected animal tissue/discharge/secretion or from contaminated milk and milk products.

Sign and Symptom of Brucellosis in Dairy Animal

  1. Abortion in the last trimester of the pregnancy period.
  2. Irregular heat.
  3. Inflammation of the legs joints.
  4. Inflammation of the udder in cow.
  5. Inflammation of the testicles in bulls.
  6. Birth of a still born or weak calves.
  7. Retention of placenta after calves delivery.
  8. Reduced milk yield.

Steps for Prevention and Control of Brucellosis in Dairy Animal

  1. Vaccination of all female calves of the age group 4-8 months with Brucellosis vaccine.
  2. The cattle shed should be always kept clean, dry and airy.
  3. Immediate isolation of any diseased animals from the rest of the healthy herd.
  4. Uterine discharge secretions, aborted foetus and farm waste products should be disposed of properly.
  5. Artificial insemination ( AI) in cow to be practise, to prevent against various diseases.
  6. Farm workers should wash their hands thoroughly after cleaning the shed, handling, feeding and milking with detergent soap and water.
    The farmer should immediately consult a Veterinarian or visit the nearest Veterinary Health Centre in case any of the above mentions signs and symptoms for early detection of the disease and proper treatments.