Morung Express News
Ruzaphema | November 6
A seven days training workshop was organized on “exploring improved water management practices in the north eastern Himalayan region focusing on spring shed” with initiative of Land resource department, Nagaland and People’s Science Institute Dehradun with support of Arghyam foundation, Bengaluru and ACWADAM, Pune on behalf of The National Spring Initiatives. The participants from 4 north-eastern states, viz. Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Manipur from various government and non-government organizations participated.
In Himalayan region, the drinking water dependence is mainly on spring. With climate change scenario and anthropological factors, springs are dying creating an acute drinking water scarcity. Hence the workshop was organized to enhance and build capacities of concerned agencies and local NGOs in Nagaland and other north-eastern states based on the regional needs and potential interventions. It shared the experiences of successful spring shed development activates across Himalayan states and PGWM carried out by The National Spring Initiatives.
The training imparted the practical knowledge on understanding basic hydrogeology, groundwater science, water quality, sanitation; spring-shed area treatments, community mobilization and need for supply and demand side management. The motive is to create a pool of talent at various levels, right from government departments to community level in the less-explored field of Himalayan hydrogeology and participatory ground water management.
During the course of training, the need for spring shed development was realized by all concerned departments and representatives of respective states. Mhathung Yanthan Director, LRD has shown keen interest on initiating pilot programme across all the districts of Nagaland states in collaboration with concerned departments and resource organizations. Given that Nagaland is coming up with water policy, it is a good time to incorporate the spring shed development is the state level policy for long term water security. The collective efforts and collaboration of stakeholder departments will be required to comprehensive water security plan. Along with supply side, demand side management will be crucial.
During panel discussion, the panelist suggested that capacity building and mass sensitization motivational programs collaboration amongst various organization and departments. However, the panelist also felt, Land use pattern and Ownership of lad are the main problem hindering faced.
Members of Tata Trust suggested spring shed can only be successful when there is involvement of the community.
Tata trust members also opined that unless water budgeting and water policy is framed funds will not be sanctioned on water and to this the representative of department of Geology and Mining said, the department has framed the water policy of the state and forwarded to the government for approval.
Director of Land Resources Mhathung Yanthan assured the department is going to take up 11 springs shed in the IWMP projects as pilot projects, which will go further depending on the outcome.
Some of the participants shared that the aquifer in Nagaland is mostly perch and said, it is not contributing much to the streams and the springs.
Members from PSI said the objective of PGWM is to make awareness of the invisible to visible and asked the participants to take forward the learning to the field.
Participants undertake field trip
Morung Express News
Ruzaphema | November 6
As part of the ‘consultative meeting followed by training on participatory ground water management’ organized by PSI in collaboration with LRD at the LRD’s R/centre, Ruzaphema participants were taken to different locations on November 2.
The field trip was held with the aim to learn and understand geological formation, type of rocks, fracture and bed of rocks, use of Brenton, and measurement of dip, amount and direction of exposed rocks faces.
Kaustabh Mahamuni, scientist from ACWADAM Pune taught the participants how to sketch a map and also the strike and dip direction in order to locate underground flow of water. He explained about the different kind of rocks, which also determine the quality of water. He also asked the participants to collected the rock samples from different locations and were shown how water flow depending on the permeability and permissibility of water in rock.
Participants were also taken to spring locations at Medziphema village where demonstrations were held on discharge measurement of the wells and springs, slope and recharge area, different types of interventions/structures for runoff water retention and ground water augmentation etc.
Water quality analysis were also demonstrated from some of the springs and Rajesh Kumar from PSI ask the participants to collect Water samples for quality testing, measuring of velocity, density and yield of water were also done during the field trip.
Apart from reading of latitude longitude and elevation of the site with the help of GPS, Water quality, parameter on pH, Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) and temperature readings were also conducted during the field visit.
Dr. Anil Gautam PSI taught on the Water quality, parameters and demonstration were done.