Resource person Vilhousienuo interacting with the farmers during the demonstration on ‘systematic castor plantation’ held on April 17 at S Hotovi Village under Kuhuboto block.
Dimapur, May 13 (MExN): Agricultural Technology Management Agency (ATMA) Kuhuboto block conducted demonstration on ‘systematic castor plantation’ and ‘maize cultivation’ at S Hotovi village under Kuhuboto block in Dimapur on April 17.
Resource persons for the programme were Vilhousienuo Khro, ASO & BTT convenor, ATMA Kuhuboto block and Akavi Holo, Block Technology Manager, ATMA Kuhuboto block.
Vilhousienuo illustrated on the importance of castor plants, the main food plant of Eri silkworm. It was informed that castor can withstand long dry spells as well as heavy rains, but is highly susceptible to water logged conditions. She further elaborated that castor plant is cultivable in dry summer and autumn, both as main crop as well as an inter-crop, a press release from ATMA Kuhuboto block informed.
Today, high yielding and early maturing castor hybrids are available for varied soil and climatic condition, Vilhousienuo stated, adding in North-Eastern states with well distributed rainfall, castor is grown both as annual and perennial crop. She also said the red local variety of castor found in North-Eastern states is a perennial crop and is more suitable for feeding Eri silkworm.
Meanwhile, Holo informed that maize can be grown all over the State in the kharif season; some varieties can be successfully grown during rabi season. It can be grown in any type of soil ranging from heavy to light sandy soil, but they are susceptible to water logging and moisture stress condition. Stating that adequate water holding capacity with good drainage is the ideal soil for maize, the resource person added maize is essentially a warm crop and requires moisture for a short period of time after tasselling and in the grain filling stage. “If there is shortage of moisture at this time, this will have adverse effect in the yield,” he added.
The best time for sowing kharif maize is March and April, and for rabi season maize it is September to October in plain areas, Holo told the farmers. He also emphasized on the seed rate, manure, diseases control etc.