Diet in Pregnancy

Diet in Pregnancy



Dr. Kanili. Z. Jimo

Obstetrics & Gynecologist


Eating habits in pregnancy is important for adequate nutrition of the mother and baby. Eating healthy is important for your baby′s growth and development.


Some of the healthy eating habits to be included during pregnancy are:


  1. Fluids:


The first requisite is an adequate supply of fluids, an increase in fluids over and above the usual intake.


Advantages are:


  • It is the best and most natural defence against constipation


  • Helps to flush out urine and prevents urinary tract infection.


However fluids like coffee and alcohol should be restricted.


  1. Roughage foods/ High fibre diet


Such as fruits and vegetables should be taken to treat constipation which is common in pregnancy.



  1. Eating in right amount


“Eating for two” is a myth and results only in excessive weight gain during pregnancy which increases pregnancy complications such as big baby and excess weight gained during pregnancy becomes difficult to shed off later.


The diet should consist of the following


  1. Iron :


The daily requirement of iron is increased during pregnancy and some of the iron rich food includes,


  • Vegetarian: green leafy vegetables, spinach, mustard, beetroot.


  • Pulses: green peas, beans, ground nuts


  • Fruits: banana, apple


  • Others: jaggery dates.


  • Non vegetarian: liver, meat,fish.



  1. Calcium &Vitamin D


Sources of calcium and Vitamin D are dairy products.


At least ½ litre of milk should be included in diet. Adequate calcium in diet may play an important role in prevention of  high Blood pressure in pregnancy.


Sunshine is a good source of Vitamin D



  1. Phosphorus:Phosphorus is important as diet deficient in phosphorus predisposes the baby to develop bone defects known as rickets & dental caries.


Sources include eggs, cheese, milk, meat, liver and oatmeal.


  1. zinc:


A diet deficient in zinc increases the risk of a small baby and abnormal baby.


Sources include milk, nuts, leafy & root vegetables.


  1. Salt


The amount of salt should be sufficient to make the food tasty. Iodised salt should be taken thorough out pregnancy to prevent a condition known as cretinism and hypothyroidism in baby.