Kohima | July 10
Students from government schools in Mokokchung districts spend the least amount of time on social media sites, while their private schools counterpart uses social media the most. This is the outcome of a research study on ‘Impact of social media on the academic performance of Class X students of Kohima, Mokokchung and Dimapur Districts’ conducted by State Council of Educational Research & Training (SCERT) Nagaland as part of “2017: Year of Research” in the districts of Mokokchung, Kohima and Dimapur.
The percentages of time spent on social media were 28% and 46% for government schools and private schools students respectively, as per parent’s perception.
Most parents (63-75%) from the three districts (Kohima (67%), Dimapur (64%) and Mokokchung (58%) felt that social networking sites can be beneficial in education.
However, parents in Kohima, Dimapur and Mokokchung feel that social media sites have more negative impact on children and affected their academic performances. Parents of both government (69%) and private schools of Kohima district (68%) felt the strongest about this.
Facebook (31-55%), has been found to be the most common social media sites that children use about which parents are aware of. Most children use the social networking sites for more than an hour (Kohima (41-45%), Mokokchung (36%-46%) and Dimapur (29-36%). Some children were also reported to be on social networking sites all day – Dimapur (4%), Kohima (2-3%) and Mokokchung (1-4%).
Suggestions and recommendations for parents
The report suggested that parents should allocate specific timings for using social media to their children. Effective monitoring of sites visited is to be checked.
Introduce and encourage children to join educational groups in social media sites which can supplement and enrich their knowledge.
Positioning of a common computer/ laptop to be used by family is recommended to be put up in a room which is central to the movement of the parents and can be monitored openly.
Findings: Teachers from government and private Schools
Majority of the respondents (80 – 90%) both from the private and government schools in all the three districts think that social media effects the grades and the academic performance of students.
The negative effects of social media on students were found to be highest from Mokokchung government teacher respondents (80%) followed by Kohima private teacher respondents (65%).
The positive effect of social media was found to be as low as 13% from the Mokokchung private teacher respondents. The most negative effects were seen to be the less time spent in studies followed by poor face to face communication and too dependent on easy accessibility of information. The most positive effect appears to be in the way social media connects the students to friends and peers and help in their studies.
It has been found that teacher respondents from private schools have a higher perception on the benefits of social media in education as compared to the respondent teachers from the government schools. On the issue of the role that social media will have in the future of education, majority of respondents from Kohima district, as well as Dimapur private school respondents think that it has an increasing role to play whereas respondent teachers from Mokokchung district and Dimapur attribute 45-55% respectively on the role of social media in education.
As per the data analysis, it is found that at least 50 to 60% of the teacher respondents from private schools often see students using social media for their studies while the percentage is much lower (20 to 30 %) from amongst the government teacher respondents.
Suggestions and recommendation for teachers
It suggested that teachers should introduce and encourage students to access educational social media sites which will create a platform for the students to interact, discuss and share knowledge and skills related to their academic work.
From the data analysed, it is seen that teachers also have a strong perception on the benefits of social media in education and therefore, efforts should be made to help students develop an interest and awareness of using social media sites to aid their educational work.
Teachers also need to empower themselves in order to counsel and guide students to channelize their social media usage to constructive educational social media groups. Students may be assigned to do their projects, assignments etc by using the social media platform. This will necessitate students to be a member of such sites for academic help and support.