Dimapur | February 15
With an overall score of 893 out of 2000 points, and categorized as a “slow mover” ranking 60 out of 73 cities in India surveyed for cleanliness, Kohima’s dreams of becoming a Smart City may require a rejig from all stakeholders.
The ranking is part of the ‘Swachh Survekshan-2016’ survey, the results of which were announced by the Urban Development Minister M Venkaiah Naidu today at a media conference in New Delhi.
According to the Ministry, 53 cities with a population of above ten lakhs each and 22 capitals that do not have that much population were selected for the survey.
The survey deployed 25 teams of 3 trained surveyors each to visit 42 locations in each city covering major zones like railway stations, bus stations, religious places, major market places, planned and unplanned residential areas including slums and toilet complexes.
A total of 2000 points at the upper end comes from three sources: Service level status data (1,000), independent observation (500) and citizen feedback (500).
Regarding methodology used for Swachh Survekshan-2016, Naidu informed that out of a total of 2000 points, 60% were assigned for solid waste management related parameters, 30% for construction of toilets and 5% each for city level sanitation strategy and behavior change communication.
Naidu said that all the 73 cities were informed sufficiently in advance so as to make available documentary evidence of their efforts towards improving sanitation and for verification by survey teams. Over one lakh citizens responded with feedback on cleanliness in respective cities making the survey of 2016 “thorough, professional, evidence based and participatory.”
Overall, Mysuru in Karnataka remained the cleanest city in the country scoring 1749 points out of 2000, while Dhanbad in Jharkhand came at the bottom with 464 points.
The top performing city in the North-East is Gangtok, at 8th rank, while Imphal at 15 showed the biggest improvement in the region. Arunachal Pradesh capital Itanagar scored the lowest in the NE at 71st position.
According to the scores, 15 cities that scored more than 70% of the total 2000 were categorized as Leaders, 20 cities with scores in the range of 60%-70% as Aspiring Leaders, those with scores in the range of 50%-60% are cities that need to accelerate their efforts and cities that scored below 50% (in which Kohima figured) were named ‘Slow Movers’ that need to work harder to improve sanitation.
The top 10 cities in terms of sanitation and hygiene are: Mysuru, Chandigarh, Tiruchirapalli (Tamil Nadu), New Delhi Municipal Council, Visakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh), Surat, Rajkot, both in Gujarat, Gangtok (Sikkim), Pimpri Chindwad and Greater Mumbai, both from Maharashtra.
The bottom 10 cities are: Kalyan Dombivili (Maharshtra), Varanasi, Jamshedpur (Jharkhand), Ghaziabad (UP), Raipur (Chattisgarh), Meerut (UP), Patna (Bihar), Itanagar (Arunachal Pradesh), Asansol (West Bengal) and Dhanbad (Jharkhand).
Kohima: A slow mover
As per data provided on the website (https://gramener.com/swachhbharat), Kohima, with an overall scored of 893, ranked 60 overall.
The ranking of Kohima seems to have suffered most on parameters of service level status. The city scored low in all variables such as Public & Community Toilet Provision, Processing and Disposal of Waste Management.
Out of 400 points allotted for waste management in the form of door to door collection, sweeping collection and transportation, it could score only 95 points, which raises grave concerns for the quality of life people lead in Nagaland State’s capital.
Most appallingly, for sanitation, it could manage only 60 points (out of 300) with provision for community and public toilets suffering the most.
In variables related to communication such as Information, Education and Behaviour Change Communication activities it performed relatively better scoring 30 out of 50.
However, on ranking by independent observers and citizen feedback, Kohima scores improved, bagging the 43 and 33 positions respectively.
Talking to media today, Naidu said the survey was made public in order to foster a “healthy competition among cities” as everything that gets measured gets done and competition makes one strive better.
The stakeholders in Nagaland State should take the words to heart and change their strategy.