MADRID/MIAMI, July 16 (Reuters) – Venezuelan migrants, many of whom fled economic crisis and rampant crime in their homeland, voted in droves in hundreds of cities around the world on Sunday in an unofficial plebiscite that aims to challenge leftist President Nicolas Maduro.
With improvised polling stations in more than 80 countries, the Venezuelan diaspora was seeking to delegitimize Maduro’s plans to rewrite the constitution after three months of anti-government protests that have led to nearly 100 deaths.
In central Madrid, home to a significant Venezuelan population, some 30,000 Venezuelans were expected to cast their ballot throughout the day, while a strong turnout was also expected in Venezuelan-expat hubs like Miami, Bogota, and Panama City, according to the opposition.
“With this vote we want to say to Maduro that Venezuela can’t wait. We want elections now. The people want him out,” said Audrey Lopez, 49, who was among volunteers staffing a polling station in the Spanish capital.
“I haven’t been back to Venezuela in four years. What I save on the journey I send to my family in food, medicine or hygiene products because they are either very expensive or non-existent there,” she added.
Mitzy Capriles, wife of former Caracas mayor Antonio Ledezma who is currently in prison on charges of conspiracy, also voted in Madrid, while the father of prominent opposition leader Leopoldo Lopez cast his ballot in Rome.
“Today we are gathering peacefully to send a clear message that (the Venezuelan government) needs to listen … and to open its eyes and see what is happening and what the people of Venezuela want,” the elder Leopoldo Lopez told reporters.
A NEW DIASPORA
Official data on Venezuelans who have left is difficult to come by. Sociologist Tomas Paez estimates some 2 million have emigrated since the late Hugo Chavez took office in 1999 and that the pace has picked up under Maduro, though government supporters dispute those figures as overblown. Caracas-based Paez has published papers and books on migration.
Nicknamed ‘Saudi Venezuela’ in the booming 1970s and once a magnet for European migrants, the OPEC nation is now brimming with goodbye parties and queues for passports or visas outside embassies in the capital Caracas.
Officials often ridicule Venezuelans abroad as histrionic elitists made of the same mould as the traditionally right-wing Cuban exiles in Florida.
While the early diaspora was mostly a middle class phenomenon, recent migrants are often less economically stable due to a collapse in the local bolivar currency.
Expatriates have mobilized en masse in past presidential elections, even travelling by bus from Miami to New Orleans to cast ballots against the ruling movement known as “Chavismo,” named after the charismatic former leader who died in 2013.
But they have faced bitter setbacks time after time.
“I think they’re going to pay attention this time because we’re showing the rest of the world, all the other countries, the injustices they’ve done to us so far and hopefully this time will be the last time,” said Bryan Roach, who has been living in Miami since shortly after Chavez came to power.
The government will hold an official vote on July 30 for a new assembly, which would be able to rewrite the constitution and dissolve state institutions.
The two elections this month are a show of force from each side. Both the government and opposition are effectively boycotting the other, hoping to legitimize themselves in the polarized environment.