When Naga National Movement came to Eastern Konyak Area

K. Honwang
General Secretary.
Eastern Konyak Union (Myanmar)

In the late 1949-50s, the Naga National Council (NNC) message reached the Eastern Konyak Area. The NNC called the Eastern Konyak public in the meeting at Yongpang field. In that meeting, Late Tahbo attended on behalf of Eastern Konyak people. AZ Phizo NNC president asserted that we Naga should unite as one people and we shall live as sovereign Nation; we will never live any other government or under any foreign rule over us. We the people of Naga should live neither under Indian nor Myanmar (Burma) government; we will fight for Naga’s birthright and all Naga should support and co-operate with the Naga National Council constitution. Irrespective of east and west we are one and Eastern people should follow too through spreading of this message to the Naga public. Late Tahbo returned from the meeting and he informed to the Eastern Konyak people about the Naga meeting. Being an illiterate old man, he had not brought any document or any letter about the meeting and the meeting minutes given by NNC leader he just learned from some of his friends who translated him in their Tubo language.


Right after the NNC came into Eastern Konyak area to extend the NNC government, only a few workers came and introduced about the NNC stand for Naga Independence, advising the people to co-operate well and support the Naga National worker and follow the Naga rules (ahza) until and unless we gain independence. Till Nagas become independent, the public should not obey and serve the Indian or Burma and development and communication will not be accepted from either side of the government. All the necessary requirements of the people will be taken care of by Nagas themselves. Just be patient and wait. Till our independence, the general people should provide food, allow rest camps and carry the Naga national workers’ belongings from village to village with own Tiffin and build the house for the Naga National workers, and don’t contact any other foreign government. People should only follow the NNC’s principle.


In the midst of the situation, the Eastern Konyak Public suffered in the hands of Burma, Indian Army during the years from 1949-1950 including burning down of public houses, torturing of innocence people, killing of public domestic animals, stealing of public property several times by Indian and Burma army for serving the NNC.


On the other hand, NNC’s order to provide them daily food, follow them carrying their bags to their rest camp, and prohibited allowing the Burma, Indian army in the village.


Some of the villages which were attacked several times by Indian and Burma Army during operations against Naga National workers, and faced horrible days on account of the Naga independence struggle are as follows.


List of Eastern Konyak public whose life has lost in fake encounter with Myanmar army.

1. 1987: Folem, Yanching village
2. August 30, 1992:N. Thramlang, Hoyat village
3. 1985: (a) Sheipa, Yanching village, (b) C. Lampa, Yanching village, (c) W. Wanpa, Yanching village.
4. 1987:( a) A. Shahla, Yanching village, (b) M. Wakho, Yanching village.
5. 1989: Winkhang, Yanching village.
6. October 23-24, 2000: (a) Yashok, Hoyat village, (b) H. Khoshei, Lakho village, (c) Batchu, Throilu village.

List of houses which were burnt down

1. 1985- Yanching village: 300 Houses
2. 1987- Yanching village: 270 Houses
3. 1989- Yanching village: 264 Houses
4. February 25, 1992 – Hoyat village: 240 Houses
5. October 24, 2000 – Throilu village: 8 Houses
6. May 14, 2000 – Hoyat village: 140 House

Within the time span of 18 years from 1982 to 2000, Hoyat village was attacked and burnt down 4 times by the Burmese army which is mentioned below in details:


1. On 30th August 1982, Burmese army attacked Hoyat village and mercilessly killed Awe Thramlang and set the village on fire and slaughtered domestic animals, the only life-line for the villagers. That includes; (1) 72 Goats (2) 3 cows and a pig.


2. On 25th February 1992, Tuesday at 10 am, (BST), 50 Burmese army entered Hoyat village and started random killing of domestic animals and slaughtered 18 pigs, 2 goats, 100 fowl and a cow.


3. On 9th May 2000, one of the ugliest incidents far beyond human understanding and demonic act occurred. About 500 Burmese army, who were supposed to safeguard the innocent people from every outside force, surrounded the village before dawn and heavy gun battle took place between Naga undergrounds and Burmese army. Later, Burmese army conducted combing operation 8 kms from the village and surrounding. One can never forget such inhuman practice is that, before they (Army) leave the village, they planted dozens of bombs in and around the village which resorted into heavy explosions even after a month long that killed 400 pigs, 140 goats, and 108 cows. The attack also left many valuable ornaments and properties damaged.


4. On 23rd to 24 October 2000, 250 Burmese army at early morning surrounded the village for another operation in which one innocent boy Yashok was mercilessly killed and left many valuable properties destroyed.


Hoyat village once fell under the Indian administration. In (1951-1952) when Sentok was the then Deputy commissioner of Tuensang, the administration had issued even red shawl to Tahbo GB, Wangnam GB, and Wangjei GB, which confirmed their recognition. However, on the contrary, Indian army in different occasions attacked the village and left the villagers in hopeless life situation.


Some of them are mentioned below:


1. On 20th January 1981, Indian Army arrived Hoyat village in search of Naga underground which later failed and on contrary arrested 13 villagers (men) and imprisoned in Tuensang District Jail till March 24, 1981 without rhyme and reasons.


2. On 12th August 1982, the whole village including granaries and properties burnt into ashes and arrested two persons, Chaiwang s/o Wangnam and Tonwang s/o Awe Khahpa and later Chaiwang was taken away to Wangti village (India side) while Tonwang was tortured and abandoned half death.


3. On 20th February 1988, half of the village had burnt down and arrested one innocent villager Tolong s/o Towang and taken to an unknown destination from where he returned home after a month.


We appeal to our Naga National workers to remember of all these circumstances while serving the Naga Independence—about the hindrance to public life, of un-recorded and more suffering that was offered unbiased to the Naga cause.