Since last year, The Morung Leaning has been running a series ‘Know Your Districts’ highlighting basic information about each district in Nagaland. In conclusion, broad overviews of the eleven districts are highlighted in a three-part series. Besides, a brief profile of Nagaland State is given as an introduction.
The State of Nagaland was formally inaugurated on December 1st, 1963, as the 16th State of the Indian Union. With a geographical Area (Sq. Km.) 16,579, it is bounded by Assam in the West, Myanmar (Burma) on the east, Arunachal Pradesh and part of Assam on the North and Manipur in the South. Geographically it is located between Longitude of 93º.20º E to 95º.15º E and latitude of 25º.6 N to 27º.4 N.
The State consists of 11 Districts, inhabited by officially 16 major tribes along with other sub-tribes. They are: (1) Angami (2) Ao (3) Chakhesang (4) Chang (5) Khiamniungan (6) Kuki (7) Konyak (8) Kachari (9) Lotha (10) Phom (11) Pochury (12) Rengma (13) Sumi (14) Sangtam (15) Yimchungru and (16) Zeliang.
As per Nagaland Economic Survey (2016-17), the state has 11 District HQs 11; 133 Circles (ADCs, SDOs & EACs); 19 Statutory towns; and 7 Census towns. The total population per 2011 Census was 19, 78,502 with 10, 24,649 Males and 9, 53,853 Females, with a Sex ratio (female per 1000 males) 931 and Density of population (per sq. km) at 119. The literacy rate for Nagaland was 79.55% with 82.75 Male and 76.11 Female.
Bounded by Kohima in the East, Wokha in the North East, Peren in South, Karbi Anglong district of Assam in the West and Golaghat district of Assam in the North, is located between longitude 93° 30’ E and 94° E and latitude of 25° 40’ N and 26° N with an altitude of 140-600 mt (Above Sea Level) with a geographic area of 927 sq. km (92700 ha).
The district has a heterogeneous population with majority comprising of Naga tribes from all over the Nagaland along with the earlier settlers like the Kacharis and the Garos, the district has a very unique feature of having hamlets and settlements of almost all the other tribes of Nagaland as well as other parts of India. Due to its diverse mix of people from all over India, it is also known as “mini India”.
According to the Dimapur District Human Development Report (DDHDR, 2013), Dimapur is derived from the Dimasa Kachari dialect – ‘Dima’ meaning Great River, and ‘PUR’ means city. Dimapur was the ancient capital of the erstwhile Kachari Kingdom. It became the 8th district of the State through a Government of Nagaland, Home Department notification on December 2, 1997.
Vital Statistics: Dimapur is the tenth among the eleven districts of the state in terms of area but was placed 1st in terms of population at 3, 78,811 persons with density of population at 409 persons per sq. km (Census 2011). Dimapur enjoys a high literacy rate of 84.79%.
Administration:The district is looked after by a Deputy Commissioner under whom there are 8 administrative revenue circles each headed by either an Addl. Deputy Commissioner / Sub-Divisional Officer (Civil) or an Extra Assistant Commissioner. The district headquarter, namely, Dimapur is situated in Dimapur town under Dimapur Sadar.
Administrative circles (9)-Niuland, Aquqhnaqua, Kuhoboto, Nihokhu, Dimapur Sadar, Chumukedima, Dhansiripar and Medziphema.
Rural Development Blocks (4)- Dhansiripar, Medziphema, Kuhoboto and Niuland.
Statutory towns (3)- Dimapur MC, Chumukedima TC and Medziphema TC and
The district has 222 villages in 2011 out of which 219 villages were inhabited and 3 uninhabited.
District Executive Force (DEF):The full-fledged post of Superintendent of Police was created in the year 1983 and in April 15, 2015, the erstwhile SP office was taken over by the Police Commissionerate with the Commissioner of Police as the head of the district police, holding the rank of a Deputy Inspector General of Police.
Police Station (8)- East PS Dimapur; West PS Dimapur; Sub-Urban PS; Medziphema PS; Govt. Railway PS (GPRS); Diphupar PS; Niuland PS; and Women PS
Police Outposts (2)- Dhansiripar and Kuhuboto.
Kiphire District having a total Area of 1,130 sq. Kms is located in the eastern most part of the State bordering Myanmar at 25°54’North latitude and 94°47’East longitude. In terms of area, at 6.82% of the total area of Nagaland, it is the 9th biggest district of the State. It is bounded by Tuensang District in the north; Phek District in the south; Zunheboto in the west; and Myanmar in the east. Kiphire town, the district’s headquarter is located at an elevation of 896.42 meters above the mean sea level.
Kiphire is multi-ethnic in terms of its indigenous population. There are officially three recognized tribes – Sangtam, Yimchungru, and Sumi. Besides these, there are several sub-tribes speaking various languages.
Kiphire remained under Tuensang district as an administrative sub-division till it was bifurcated from Tuensang district formally created through Government of Nagaland, transferring 7 administrative circles and inaugurated as the eleventh district of Nagaland on January 24, 2004.
Vital Statistics:During Census 2011, the district had 8 Administrative Circles, 1(one) Statutory Town and 96 villages, out of which 6 were uninhabited. In terms of population, it was placed as the second least populated district in Nagaland with a total population of 74,004 persons (Males 37,830, Females 36,174), translating to total sex ratio (Number of females per 1000 males) at 956. The Density of Population (Persons per sq Km.) was 65.
The literacy rate in the district was at 69.54% with 74.88% and 63.96% for male and female respectively. Pungro Hq having a population of 4744 was the village with highest population while Tsar Farm at 23 person was the village with lowest population.
Administration:The district is looked after by a Deputy Commissioner under whom there are 8(eight) administrative circles each headed by either an EAC or ADC.
Administrative Circles (8)-Kiphire Sadar, Seyochung, Amahator, Kiusam, Sitimi, Longmatra, Pungro and Khongsa.
RD Blocks- Sitimi, Kiphire and Pungro.
District Executive Force (DEF): According to Nagaland Police Directory, the Kiphire Police Station was established on 19/03/82 under DEF Tuensang and later upgraded for the rank of Inspector on 5/9/85. On 15/1/91 one Addl. SP Post was created without creating other additional post. Presently, DEF Kiphire Officers are Superintendent of Police, Kiphire; Additional SP and SDPO (Kiphire).
Police Stations (2)- Kiphire PS and Pungro PS.,
Police Outpost (1)- Seyochung.
Referred as the “land of clouds,” and located in the north eastern part of Nagaland, Longleng district is home to the Phom Naga tribe. Longleng District lies between 94°E – 95°E longitude and 26°N – 27°N latitude of the equator. The district is mountainous with an area of 1066.80 sq. km and bounded by Mon district in the east; Assam’s Sivasagar District in the north; Tuensang district in the south; and Mokokchung district in the west. The boundary of the district is well demarcated by natural rivers such as Dikhu with Mokokchung district; Yongmon with Mon district; and Nyapa stream with Tuensang district. Longleng District is headquartered at Longleng Town located at an altitude 1067 metre above sea level.
Longleng District was formed as the tenth district of Nagaland and officially gained the status of full-fledged Revenue District on January 24, 2004 headed by the Deputy Commissioner.
The origin of the name ‘Phom’ is obscure. There are many opinions regarding the origin of its name. Some say that the name is derived from a beautiful lady named ‘Bhumla’ which means ‘the lady of the clouds’. Legend says that she and her husband had many offsprings and their descendants were called ‘Phom’. Some say that the name was given by the English after the word ‘Bhum’ which means ‘cloud’. They gave this name because the ‘Phom’ area was mostly covered by clouds especially during winter. Hence, the attribution as “the land of clouds.” Other narrative says that the name ‘Phom’ came from the word ‘Bham’ which means rubber tree or Banyan tree given by the British when they visited the Phom area and found the Banyan tree in every main entrance of the Phom villages. When asked about the name of the tree, the natives replied that it was called ‘Bham’. Thus, the name ‘Phom’ came into existence.
Vital Statistics: According to 2011 Census, Longleng has a population of 50484 with 26502 males and 23982 females transiting to 90 Persons per sq km. It was the least populated district in Nagaland.
With a literacy rate of 72.2 percent with 74.5 percent male and 69.6 percent female, it occupies 9th place in terms of population. Yachem was most populous village at 2962 person while Yotan School Compound with 11persons had the lowest population.
The Longleng District Human Development Report (LDHDR), 2014 informed that the district has 38 recognized villages and 2 compounds.
Administration: The Administration headed by Deputy Commissioner is in charge of the District Administration, Law and Order, Protocol, Elections, Developmental activities and all extra charges from time to time. Deputy Commissioner (DC) is aided by sub-ordinate level Administrative Officers like Addl. Deputy Commissioner (ADC), Extra Assistant Commissioner (EAC), etc along with HODs (Head of Department) of various departments. The Administrative Units below the level of the district are based on the clusters of certain entities like circles, villages, households, etc.
Administrative Circles (6): Longleng Sadar (DC); Tamlu (ADC); Yongnyah (EAC); Sakshi, (EAC); Namsang(EAC); and Yachem, (EAC).
The district is also divided into certain blocks called Community Development Blocks (CD-Blocks) headed by Block Development Officers (BDOs) at – Longleng, Tamlu, and Sakshi.
District Executive Force (DEF): According to the Nagaland Police Directory, the District has District Executive Force (DEF) is headed by one Superintendent of Police, Longleng; one Additional S. P. and a SDPO (Longleng).
Police Stations( 2)-Longleng PS and Yanglok PS;
Police Outpost (1)-Tamlu.
(To be Continued…)