Since last year, The Morung Leaning has been running a series ‘Know Your Districts’ highlighting basic information about each district in Nagaland. As the conclusion of the series, the broad overview of the 11 districts are highlighted in a three-part article. After Dimapur, Longleng, Kiphire, Kohima, Mon and Wokha in Part I & II, the rest of the districts are covered in Part –III.
Bounded by the State of Assam in the north, Tuensang in the east, Zunheboto in the south and by Wokha and Assam in the west, Mokokchung District lies between 25° 56’ to 27° 40’ north latitude and 93° 53’ to 94° 53’ east longitude. With a total area of 1,615 sq. km. representing 9.74 percent of the total area of the state of Nagaland (16,579 sq.km.), Mokokchung occupies the sixth place among the eleven districts of the State. The district headquarter is Mokokchung, situated 1,325 m above sea level.
History and People: During the British administration, Mokokchung was created as a subdivision in 1889 and remain so till 1956. It was upgraded as a district in 1957 out of the erstwhile NHTA, then under Central Government. The district came into existence when Nagaland attained her statehood on December 1, 1963. The nomenclature of the district originated from the name of Mokokchung village. According to 2011 Census Handbook, the name literally means going away (chung) in defiance (mokok) of the wishes – a group of early Ao people who had scattered to different places away from their original settlement in defiance of the wishes of their parent village, namely Koridang, came to a new place and established a new village which they named as Mokokchung.
Vital Statistics: According to 2011 Census, at 94,622 persons, the District was placed 5th Place in terms of population with a sex ratio was 927. The District had the distinction of being the most literate districts in Nagaland at 91.6%.The District had 108 villages out of which 107 villages are inhabited and 1 uninhabited. The most populated village was Ungma with 9,443 persons while the lowest was Puneboto Compound with 36 persons.
Administration: The district is looked after by a Deputy Commissioner (DC) under whom there are nine administrative revenue circles each headed by either an Additional Deputy Commissioner (ADC), Sub-Divisional Officer, Civil (SDO-C) or an Extra Assistant Commissioner (EAC). Mokokchung Town is directly under the DC and is not included in the above administrative circles.
Administrative Circles (9): Longchem, Alongkima, Tuli, Changtongya, Chuchuyimlang, Kubolong, Mangkolemba Ongpangkong and Merangmen.
Rural Developments (RD) Blocks (6): Longchem, Mangkolemba, Changtongya, Kubolong, Ongpangkong (S) and Ongpangkong (N).
Statutory Towns: Mokokchung Town, Tuli Town and Changtongya Town
District Executive Force (DEF): According to Nagaland Police directory, the DEF Mokokchung started to function as a full-fledged unit with effect from 25.02.1966 with SR Dey as the first SP. Presently; the DEF Mokokchung Officers consists of Superintendent of Police (SP), Mokokchung; Additional Superintendent of Police (ASP); Sub-divisional Police Officer (SDPO) in Mokokchung, Tuli, Mangkolemba; and Dy.SP (Reserve).
Police Stations (9): Mokokchung PS-I, Mokokchung PS-II; Tuli PS; Mangkolemba PS; Changtongya PS, Kobulong PS; Longchem PS, Tsurangkong PS, and Anaki ‘C’.
Police Outposts (4): Paper Mill Tuli, Chuchuyimlang, Alongkima and Longsa.
Beat Post (1): Longthu.
Peren District is located between longitude 93°E – 94°E and latitude 25° N-26°N of the Equator at altitudes ranging from 800- 2500 metres above the sea level. It borders Manipur in the East and South, Assam in the West, Dimapur District in the North and Kohima District in the North-East. Peren Town, the district Headquarter, is located at 1445.40 metres above sea level.
History and People: Till 2001 Census, Peren District was a sub-division of Kohima district. The district was craved by a Government of Nagaland notification dated October 24, 2003 out of 6 circles out of Kohima District. The population of Peren District is entirely tribal with the Zeliang and the Kuki as the dominant indigenous inhabitants. Considerable numbers of Rongmeis from Kohima and Dimapur districts have also migrated to the district, according to the ‘District Human Development Report – Peren (DHRP, 2013).
Vital Statistics: According to 2011 Census, the total population of Peren District was 95,219 comprising of 49,714 males and 45,505 females. Comparatively, the state occupies 9th place in terms and 4th Place in terms of area at 1,651 sq. km. At 55 persons per sq. km, Peren has lowest density of population in the State and the overall sex ratio is 915 female per 1000 male. The literacy rate of Peren was 77.9 percent.
The district had 112 villages out of which 102 were inhabited. The village having highest population was Samziuram Village with 3909 persons.
Administration: The district is looked after by a DC under whom there are 7 Administrative Circles each headed by either an ADC, SDO (C) or EAC.
Administrative Circles (7): Pedi (Ngwalwa), Jalukie, Ahthibung, Kebai Khelma, Nsong, Tening and Peren.
RD Blocks (3): Jalukie, Tening and Peren.
Statutory Towns (2): Peren and Jalukie.
The district headquarter, namely, Peren is situated in Peren town under Peren Sadar administrative Circle.
District Executive Force: According to Nagaland Police Directory, Peren Sub-Division which formed a part of Dimapur District was upgraded to the level of Police District in 1993. Since then the Peren Police District is functioning as independent unit. The DEF Peren consists of SP, Peren; ASP; and SDPO (Peren).
Police Stations (5): Peren PS, Jalukie PS, Khelma PS, Tening PS and Athibung PS.
The district does not have any police outpost.
Covering an area of 2026 sq. km, Phek is located at the South-eastern part of Nagaland. It is bounded by Myanmar in the East, Zunheboto and Tuensang districts in the North, Manipur state in the South and Kohima district in the West. In terms of area, it represents 12.22 per cent of the total area of the state of Nagaland (16,579 sq.km) and occupies the second place among the eleven districts of the state.
History and People: Phek was one of the sub-divisions under Kohima district till 1973. The Government of Nagaland approved Phek to be a separate and full fledge district vide Notification December19, 1973. Phek is derived from the word “Phekrekedze” meaning watch tower. It is inhabited by the Chakhesangs and Pochurys. According to Phek District Human Development Report (2011), there are at least five main linguistic group in the district, namely the Chokri, Khezha and Pochury, Poumai and Sumi. The word “Chakhesang” is an amalgamation of the names of three sub-tribes – “cha” from “Chokri”, “khe” from “Khezha (Kuzha)” and “Sang” from “Sangtam.”
Vital Statistics: As per Census 2011, Phek had population of 163,418 constituting 8.26% of the State population and 7th most populated districts in Nagaland. This translates its density of population (person per kilometer) at 81. The district has sex ratio (female population per 1000 males) of 951 female per. The overall literacy rate of the district was at 78.05% with 83.66% for male and 72.21% for female. The district has 117 villages and all are inhabited.
Administration: The district is looked after by a Deputy Commissioner under whom there are 14 Administrative Circles each headed by either an ADC, SDO (C), or EAC.
Administrative Circles (14): Sekruzu, Phek Sadar, Khuza, Meluri, Phor, Phokhungri, Chozuba, Chetheba, Sakraba, Pfutsero, Zuketsa, Khezhakeno, Chizami and Razieba.
RD Blocks (5): Sekruzu, Phek, Meluri, Kikruma and Pfutsero.
Statutory Towns (2): Town and Pfutsero.
District Executive Force: According to Nagaland Police Directory, DEF Phek was functioning with an office of SDPO under SP Kohima but it was up-graded to the office of SP Phek after the creation of the district on August 14, 1981. Presently, the DEF Phek Officers are SP, Phek; ASP; SDPO (Phek) & SDPO (Pfutsero).
Police Stations (7): Phek PS; Pfutsero PS; Meluri PS; Chazouba PS; Chizami PS; Khezhakeno PS; and Wazeho PS.
Police Outpost (2): Chetheba and Sekruzu.
With an area of 2,536 sq kilometers or 15.3% of the total area of the state, Tuensang is the biggest district in Nagaland. Situated in the easternmost part of Nagaland, Tuensang shares its boundaries with Myanmar in the east, Mon and Longleng to the North, Mokokchung and Zunheboto to the West, and Kiphire to the South.
History and People: The areas under Tuensang district were part of the ‘North Eastern Frontier Agency” (NEFA) as part of the Tuensang area which remained untouched by the British colonial administration even after its neighbouring areas were subjugated during the 1920s. The name of the district Tuensang originated from the name of the district headquarters, namely, Tuensang, now an urban area and the administrative centre of the District.
Till 1971 Census, Tuensang district included the present Mon, Longleng and Kiphire district as a whole. In 1973 Mon district was carved out of Tuensang while new districts namely, Longleng and Kiphire were carved out with an area of 562 sq.km and 1130 sq.km respectively after 2001 census.
There are officially four recognized tribes: Chang, Khiamniungan, Sangtam and Yimchungru and a sub-tribe Tikhir under the nomenclature of Yimchungru inhabit. All the tribes however, differ from each other to some extent in physical makeup as also in customs, traditions, culture and language. Each individual tribe has its own rich culture and tradition
Vital Statistics: At 1,96,596 persons, Tuensang was the 4th most populated district in Nagaland according to 2011 Census with a sex ratio of 929 (Number of female per 1000 males). However, in terms of density of population, it was at 9th Place (78 persons per sq. km) by virtue of being the biggest district in Nagaland in terms of area at 2,536 sq. km). The District had a literacy rate of 73.1%. There were 144 villages with Tuensang Village as the most populated village at 8,974 persons. Kihoto Theological College Campus with 12 persons had the lowest.
Administration: The district is looked after by the DC under whom there are 16 administrative revenue circles each headed by an ADC, SDO (C) or an EAC.
Administrative Circles (13): DC Office, Tuensang; Shamatore ADC; Noklak ADC; Longkhim ADC; Noksen SDO; Thonoknyu SDO; Panso EAC ; Nokhu EAC; Chingmei EAC; Ngoungchung EAC ; Mangko EAC; Chessore EAC, Tsurangto EAC; Sangsangnyu;) Sotokhur EAC ; and Chare EAC Headquarter.
District Executive Force: The DEF Tuensang is headed by SP, Tuensang. The SP is assisted ASP; SDPO (Tuensang) and Dy.SP (Reserve).
Police Stations (9): Tuensang PS, Noklak PS, Longkhim PS, Shamatore PS, Noksen PS, Chessore PS, Sangsanyu PS, Panso PS, and Thonokyu PS.
Police Outpost (1): Chare
A district located at the very heart of Nagaland, Zunheboto District with an area of 1255 sq. km. representing 7.57 % of the total area of the state, is geographically situated on the 94.52° East Longitude and 25.97° North Latitude. It is bounded by Mokokchung on the North, Tuensang district on the East, Phek district on the South and Wokha on the West and shares boundaries with every district except Mon, Longleng, Peren and Dimapur. The altitudes of the district headquarter Zunheboto Town, situated 155kms from state capital Kohima and 224 kms from commercial capital Dimapur, stands at1874.22 mts. above sea level.
History and People: The name, ‘Zunheboto’ is derived from two sets of words “Zunhebo” and “To” in Sümi language. “Zunhebo” is the name of a flower shrub with white leaves which bear sponge like ears containing sweet juice and “To” means the top of a hill. Thus, the district is named “after flower found on the top of the hill” or a “hill range of Zunhebo trees”.
Zunheboto was created with by the State Government under a notification dated December 19, 1973 out of 10 circles from Mokokchung district. The district is the home of the Sümis, considered to be the Martial tribe among the Nagas.
Vital Statistics: According to 2011 Census, at 1255 sq. km, the district occupies the eighth place among the eleven districts of the state in terms of area and also 8th place in terms of population at 140757 persons. The density of population (person per sq. km) was 112 and the sex ratio was at 976 (Number of females per 1000 males). At 86.26%, it was 3rd most literate district out of the 11 districts of Nagaland.
The district had 191 villages and the village with highest population was Lazami under Pughoboto Circle at 2936 persons and the lowest population Tsutha Hydel Project under Aghunato Circle at 9 persons.
Administration: The district is looked after by a DC under whom there are 13 administrative circles each headed by either by an ADC, SDO (C) or EAC.
Administrative Circles (13): V.K., Akuluto, Suruhuto, Asuto, Aghunato, Zunheboto Sadar, Atoizu, Akuhaito, Pughoboto, Ghathashi, Satakha, Saptiqa and Satoi.
RD Blocks (6): Zunheboto, Suruhuto, Satakha, Tokiye, Akuluto and Ghathashi.
Statutory Town: Zunheboto Town; Census Town: Satakha Hq.
District Executive Force: Zunheboto was functioning under the SP Mokokchung till September 1, 1981 when the office of the SP Zunheboto was established with separate functioning. The DEF Zunheboto Officers consists of SP, Zunheboto; ASP and SDPO (Zunheboto) & SDPO (Pughoboto).
Police Stations (8): Zunheboto PS; Akuluto PS; Pughoboto PS; Ghatashi PS; VK Town PS; Aghunato PS; Sathakha PS; and Suruhuto PS.
Police Outpost (3): Atoizu, Asuto and Satoi.
Read the Part I & Part II of the series here: