The Sample Registration System (SRS) data presenting the estimates of Birth Rate, Death Rate, and Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) for the year 2017 for India and Nagaland as published by Office of The Registrar General, New Delhi In May 2019. (Morung Graphics)
Significant reduction in IMR from 38 in 2005-06 to 29 in 2015-16, and to latest 7, recording lowest rate in India
Morung Express News
Dimapur | May 30
Nagaland has the lowest Infant Mortality Rate in the Indian Union.
“Among the States/Union Territories, the IMR ranges from 7 in Nagaland to 47 in Madhya Pradesh for 2017,” stated the recent Sample Registration System (SRS) Bulletin.
An elated state’s Principal Secretary, Health & Family Welfare cum Food Safety Commissioner, I Himato Zhimomi on Thursday lauded the health workers for the achievement.
“Kudos to all Doctors, nurses, paramedics and health workers/ASHAs! Nagaland has the lowest IMR in the country as per latest SRS bulletin,” he tweeted.
Earlier, the National Family Health Survey 2015-16 (NFHS-4) said that Nagaland has managed to cut down IMR by 9 points – from 38 in 2005-06 to 29 in 2015-16, and the present data shows further improvement.
The IMR, which is widely accepted as a crude indicator of the overall health scenario of a country or a region, is defined as the infant deaths (less than one year) per thousand live births in a given time period and for a given region.
Published by the office of the Registrar General of India, the SRS is a large-scale demographic survey for providing reliable annual estimates of Infant mortality rate, birth rate, death rate and other fertility & mortality indicators at the national and sub-national levels.
This May Bulletin presented the estimates of Birth Rate, Death Rate, Natural growth Rate and Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) for the year 2017 for India.
“For the year 2017, the death rate for India varies from 5.3 in urban areas to 6.9 in rural areas. The death rate for the States/Union Territories ranges from 3.6 in Nagaland to 7.5 in Chhattisgarh for 2017,” stated the Bulletin, marking Nagaland State as having the lowest death rate in the Indian Union.
Meanwhile, according to the SRS Bulletin, Nagaland’s total Birth Rate, as of 2017, remained at 13.5 as India stood at 20.2. The Andaman and Nicobar Islands had the lowest Birth Rate at 11.4 while Bihar showed the highest Birth Rate in the Union at 26.4. Birth Rate is a crude measure of fertility of a population and is a crucial determinant of population growth.
This article appeared in the print edition of The Morung Express on May 31 under the headline, ‘Nagaland has lowest IMR & death rate in India.’