Pune most livable city in India
Morung Express News
Dimapur | August 13
Nagaland State’s capital, Kohima, has earned the distinction of being the second most ‘unlivable’ city in India.
Kohima was ranked 110 out of 111 cities on the Ease of Living Index released by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA), Government of India, on August 13.
Beating the State capital to the bottom of the list is Rampur in Uttar Pradesh.
According to the Index, three cities of Maharashtra – Pune, Navi Mumbai and Greater Mumbai – are the most livable places in the country, ranking first, second and third respectively.
Tirupati, Chandigarh, Thane, Raipur, Indore, Vijaywada and Bhopal roundup the top 10 in descending order.
As per data released by the MoHUA, the ten bottom-most on the list are: Silvassa (102), Saharanpur (103), Kavaratti (104), Pasighat (105), Itanagar (106), Bhagalpur (107), Bihar Sharif (108), Patna (109), Kohima (110) and Rampur (111).
The national capital New Delhi was languishing at 65. Kolkata did not participate in the survey.
The Ease of Living Index is an initiative of MoHUA to help cities assess their liveability vis-à-vis global and national benchmarks and encourage cities to move towards an ‘outcome-based’ approach to urban planning and management, the Ministry said in a statement released through PIB.
It was decided in June 2017 to rank cities based on the livability parameters and the implementation of the assessment commenced formally on January 19, 2018, covering 111 cities, it added.
The index is based on four parameters – governance (Institutional), social institutions, economic and physical infrastructure which were broken down into 15 categories and 78 indicators.
Evaluation of cities has been done on a 100-point scale across the 78 indicators with the institutional and social pillars carrying 25 points each, 5 points for the pillar on economic and 45 points for the physical pillar.
The whole exercise is being carried out on a mass scale and began with a National Orientation Workshop to orient city officials on assessment framework. It was followed by 33 state level workshops spread across all 36 states and Union Territories, the release informed.
An Ease of Living Index dashboard is available at https://smartnet.niua.org/ where the overall national ranking of 111 cities as well as ranking of the cities across pillars, category, geographical zone and population classifications are provided.
Out of possible 100 points based on the parameters, Kohima scored an overall total of 18.13. It suffered on three pillars – institutional (governance), economic and physical, while scoring relatively better in the social sphere.
Under institutional pillar, with governance as the index, Kohima scored 3.62 (or 14%) out of possible 25 points.
The worst was however in economic with ‘economy and employment’ as parameters where the score was 0.
In physical pillars with a total of 45 possible points, Kohima scored 6.76 (or 15%) with nil entry on the Waste Water Management and Housing and Inclusiveness.
“I like the climate in the city. I think the drainage system can be made better,” a Kohima citizen is quoted by the report.
Kohima performed relatively better in social pillar with an overall score of 7.75 (or 31%) out of 25 points.
The category of education under social pillar was highest with 3.49 points (out of 6.25), followed by health (2.93 out of 6.25) and Safety and Security at 1.3.
Under the social pillar, Kohima scored the least on the category of ‘identity and culture’ at 0.03 out of possible 6.25 points.
Among the capital Northeastern states, Sikkim’s capital Gangtok was ranked highest at 74, followed by Aizawl at 85. Close on the heels of Mizoram’s capital was Guwahati at 85. Imphal, Agartala, Shillong, Itanagar were ranked 91, 93, 98 and 106 respectively.