Nagaland: Wastes Dimapurians dispose everyday

Nagaland: Wastes Dimapurians dispose everyday

A DMC truck unloading the collected wastes into the DMC dump yard located in Burma Camp, Dimapur in December, 2018. (Morung File Photo)

Sanitary, alcohol bottles, garden wastes tops the rubbish heaps, according to DMC Waste Assessment Report

Morung Express News
Dimapur | June 9

The Dimapur Municipal Council (DMC) in its recently published Waste Assessment Report 2019 estimated that Dimapur municipal area generates 111124.56 kilos or 111.12 tonnes per day (TPD) of waste. This estimate which was compiled by Living For Environment (LiFE) and made after a 24-day assessment; however, did not include the data from two colonies/areas.

The estimate concluded that the waste generated is 11124.56 kilos or 11.12 TPD more than last year’s estimate of 100 TPD (estimated June 2018). While projection of the waste generation could not be ascertained, the report has assumed that in a year’s time, the waste generation will increase by at least 15000 kilos or 15 TPD.

So what comprises of the tones of wastes that are disposed by the Dimapur population every day? The assessment report has provided a compilation on the categorization and composition of waste based on the manual assessment of the door-to-door and community receptacles conducted from February 12-28 and March 13- which comes to 16 days of assessment.
As per the waste data compilation of the 16 days, the total amount of dry waste, wet waste and mixed waste were 11241.84 kilos, 14982.45 kilos and 27029.16 kilos respectively.

It stated that the specific waste data produced under this category is from both the door-to-door and community receptacles and market area.

Going by specifics, under dry waste, sanitary waste, which includes diaper/adult diaper/napkin/pad, amounted to 924.01 kilos, which is the highest under the category. While Nagaland is a dry state, ironically, the amount of alcohol bottles (glass) collected during the intervening days was a whopping 308.9 kilos.

Others under dry waste include carton -231.35 kilos, inert/silts-411.05 kilos, clothes-274.75 kilos, pet bottles-91.9 kilos, single use plastics-209.02 kilos, construction and demolition waste-344 kilos, shoes-159.41 kilos, 128.65 kilos of synthetics, biomedical waste- 80.1 kilos, E-waste-22.12 kilos, hazardous waste-22.5 kilos etc. Other than glass (alcohol bottles), carton, pet bottles (which are recycled), the rest of the waste (including those not mentioned in this news report) are disposed of in the DMC dumpsite.

The report stated that dry wastes such as sanitary, inert/stilts, biomedical, synthetics, single use plastics, automotive would have drastic affect if prompt and proper measures are not put in place.

Coming to wet waste, garden waste was the highest with 1625.15 kilos collected followed by earth and vegetation (967.9 kilos), organic waste (325.7 kilos), slaughter waste (97.2 kilos), rotten fruits (90.4 kilos), wood ships (46.1 kilos), dry hay (39.25 kilos), pig dung (39 kilos), hotel food waste (35.9 kilos) to mention a few.

While all types of wet waste are being disposed of in the DMC dumping site, the report suggested that all the specific wet waste being organic, can be utilized without disposing it in the dumpsite.

Under the mixed waste category, the report pointed out that majority of the waste (80%) was found to be organic waste. On this, the report said the masses need to be sensitized on utilizing the organic waste and not to mix it with other type of waste.

Also stating that separate rules have been adopted for biomedical waste, E-waste, construction and demolition waste and hazardous waste, the report said the authorities should take prompt action to treat theses wastes in accordance with the rules.

The report also stated that authorities should keep abreast of the current data on the municipal area, viz, population, number of households, shops, institutions, hotel and restaurants, area size etc to determine accurate waste generation data including per capita data.

This article appeared in the print edition of The Morung Express on June 10 under the headline, ‘Wastes Dimapurians dispose everyday’