Skin infection in your pet dog and its preventive measures

Skin infection in your pet dog and its preventive measures

Veterinary Hospital Kohima


Owning a pet dog is a wonderful experience as they make a lot of differences in our life with their much energetic playful nature, faithful and unconditional love. But it comes with a high responsibility as the owner needs to devote valuable time to take care of the dog housing, nutrition and health status.


Skin infection is one of the most common problems in dog affecting all age group and occurs mostly due to improper sanitation, poor management and nutrient. It causes impaired health condition and productivity of dog.


Skin infections are mostly caused by external parasitic infestation like lice, fleas and mites. Lice and fleas infest the skin, they bite and suck blood and causes mild to severe skin irritation and allergy dermatitis. Mites infest the skin and causes severe skin infection leading to secondary bacterial and fungal infection. Infestation of skin with parasitic mites is termed as Mange. Two types of mange infestation are


1. Sarcoptic mange – it infects the ear, muzzles, face and elbow. There will be scale, crust formation and hair falling. Dog becomes weak and emaciated with a sour odour body smell


2. Demodectic mange – it infects the entire body of the dog and there will be heavy loss of hair, thickening and wrinkling of the skin, formation of small pustules and sometime blood ooze out of the skin


Some preventive steps to control skin infection in dog-

1. Always keep the dog shed dry and clean
2. Well balance nutritious diet
3. Regular brushing, grooming and bathing of the dog at least once a week with good quality dog shampoos
4. Daily cleaning of the dog shed, food and water utensils with water and disinfectants Solution
5. Regular and timely deworming and vaccination
6. Isolation of the infected dog
7. Yearly check-up of dog
8. Proper disposal of dead dog by burial method


In case of suspected mange infestation in your pet dog, the owner should immediately consult a veterinarian since it is a highly contagious disease that may spread among dogs and even to human being.