Tali M Sashi Jamir
Animal Husbandry, specifically, pig rearing is inherent in the Naga way of life and it occupies an important position in the farming system in Nagaland. A majority of rural households practice backyard rearing, of course in low scale. Naga society as a whole consume pork resulting in high demand and short supply. According to Sample Survey report of 2014-15, Nagaland State imported animal husbandry products worth Rs. 214.74 crores in monetary terms. During 2016-17, the State had to import pigs for consumption to the tune of Rs. 73 crores.
Pork is undoubtedly the most preferred meat of the Naga people. Yet, the local supplies are inadequate and there is huge inflow of meat and animals from other States. Such a scenario of shortfall of supply, huge demand and a ready market provides a window of opportunities not just for the livestock farmers but also a gainful employment avenue for the many young and energetic, educated unemployed youths of the State. The need of the day, therefore, is the upgradation of this traditional practice of backyard pig rearing with scientific and a commercial outlook, thereby enhancing the marketing prospect and meeting the local demand for meat and meat products as well as supplying the surplus to other States in the near future.
Side by side, it will create employment opportunities for the local populace and thereby giving a boost to the local economy. All in all, we will not only be self sufficient but there will be no drain of wealth or money. The transactions will be done internally (among our own people) and the capital won’t be drained away to other states or people outside Nagaland.
Note: Open to Suggestions and Discussions
Cost of feed is high as it has to be imported……. so importing pigs from agricultural state is more cheaper….. many people try to start pig farms… but profit margin is low for this reason.
Pigs have one of the highest feed to meat conversion ratio compared to many other livestock. They eat almost everything from kitchen waste and rotten vegetables to weeds/grass. Of course, it’s difficult to get the feed but the profit margin is maximum, I should say.
You can sell not just live pigs but meat as well as piglets. However, we should start humbly and not go for a big farm at once. Getting a loan is hard. Not only that it’s always better not to start a business on loan, as far as possible.
Having a pig farm won’t a be loss since most Nagas eat pork and the people these days are slowly realizing the need for local meat or anything that is local.
You can do one thing for the feed, you do maize cultivation or other things which can feed your pig and do not buy from others.
With pig, you can sell its meat (both fresh and dry) and piglets.
It’s not necessary that we have Animal farms in every district.
Some districts can cultivate only feeds for animals and export to other districts having animal farms.
Trade and Commerce between districts, money circulate within the state.
Not a vet expert but I read a book on swine production ( I think animal husbandry was a subject in arts stream once upon a time), through the book I came to know that …
1) pigs should be fed dry feeds.
2) choosing breed is important.
3) there should be sufficient amount of space.
4) regular vet check up.
6) should be fed dry fish from time to time.
7) their shed/sty should be kept dry.”
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