TODAY in HISTORY: DECEMBER 13

TODAY in HISTORY: DECEMBER 13
Former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein listens to prosecutors’ statements during his trial in Baghdad’s heavily fortified Green Zone October 30, 2006. (Reuters File Photo)

Following are some of the major events to have occurred on Dec 13

 

1937 – Japanese forces captured the Chinese city of Nanking (Nanjing).

 

1941 – British forces retreated to Hong Kong island as the invading Japanese army took Kowloon and the New Territories.

 

1949 – Israel declares Jerusalem as its capital.

 

1967 – King Constantine of Greece and his family fled the country after a counter-coup failed to topple the military-backed government.

 

1995 – Chinese dissident Wei Jingsheng, a Nobel Peace Prize nominee, was imprisoned for 14 years for subversive acts. He was released and went into exile in the United States in 1997.

 

1996 – The U.N. Security Council made official its selection of Kofi Annan of Ghana as the U.N. secretary-general to succeed Boutros Boutros-Ghali.

 

1997 – Giovanni Agnelli, heir to the dynasty that controlled the Italian car giant Fiat, died from cancer at the age of 33.

 

2001 – A group of armed men opened fire in India’s parliament complex. Nine people were killed and the five gunmen also died in the unprecedented attack.

 

2002 – The Pope accepted the resignation of Boston Cardinal Bernard Law, who was under pressure to quit over a scandal involving sexual abuse by clergy.

 

2003 – U.S. troops found former Iraqi president Saddam Hussein in a hole in the ground behind a shepherd’s hut near his home town of Tikrit.

 

2007 – EU treaty of Lisbon signed in the Jeronimos Monastery.