“Business as usual” will create a thirsty planet in 15 years, says UN
March 22 is World Water Day
Theme: – ‘Sustainable Development Sharpens Focus on Water as Attractive Investment Opportunity’
LONDON, March 21 (Thomson Reuters Foundation): The planet faces a 40 percent shortfall in water supplies in 15 years due to urbanisation, population growth and increasing demand for water for food production, energy and industry, the United Nations said on the occassion of World Water Day. Competition for water between water-thirsty sectors means better management is essential to ensure everybody gets the water they need, said the World Water Development Report.
With “business as usual” the world is facing a “collapse in our global socioeconomic system,” Richard Connor, lead author of the report, told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.
By 2050 two thirds of the world’s population will be living in cities and demand for water is expected to increase by 55 percent, mainly from demands related to growing urbanisation in developing countries.
Urbanisation means that access to safe water and adequate sanitation, although typically higher in cities, has decreased in the fastest growing urban areas.
One example is sub-Saharan Africa, where urbanisation – often unplanned – is happening most rapidly. Here the proportion of people who have piped water on their premises has fallen to 34 percent from 42 percent since 1990.
“The spontaneous urbanisation, which creates slums, makes it very difficult because of the layout of the slums to provide water,” Joan Clos, executive director of the United Nations Human Settlements Programme
UN-HABITAT), told the Thomson Reuters Foundation in a phone interview from Nairobi. “Once you have a street then for the water operator it becomes very easy to reach the plots.”
MORE PEOPLE, MORE FOOD
By 2050 the world will have to produce 60 percent more food and the global water demand for industry is predicted to increase by 400 percent, said the report, published ahead of World Water Day on March 22. The growing population will also need 70 percent more energy and water is required to produce almost all forms of it.
“You have to manage water. If you’re using less water because of your proper irrigation and soil management in agriculture that allows more water to be available for other users,” Connor said.
“Every sector has to pitch in and do its best to be water efficient.”
Investing in sustainable water management, although costly, pays off: a $15 to 30 billion invested in improved water resources management in developing countries can have an annual income return of $60 billion, the report said. “Over the long term investing in water and sanitation is cost-effective. That is the convincing argument that it’s not just to help the poor, it’s actually good business,” said Connor.
Cities with long-term water plans will have more robust economies within decades, he said, because people who have access to clean water are healthier and have a better chance of getting educated and finding jobs.
13, 596 water samples tested during 2014-15
Kohima | March 21
Recognizing the importance and urgency of addressing drinking water quality problems in the country, the Government of India is engaging the problem in an ambitious way, especially with the ultimate objective of institutionalizing community participation in all rural habitations in water quality monitoring and surveillance.
The initiative includes steps for tackling water quality problems from two pronged approach: 20% of the annual NRDWP funds for tacking water quality problems in villages and 3% for Water Quality Monitoring & Surveillance (WQMS), under which village level functionaries are trained on water quality aspects-sampling, testing and monitoring to ensure safe drinking water at all times, according to the annual administrative report of Public Health Engineering Department tabled at the just concluded assembly session here.
The report stated that the emphasis of WQMS is on regular testing and documentation of test results which are correlated with the health status of the inhabitants so as to ensure reduction and control of water borne diseases which are easily preventable through consumption of safe drinking water.
Normally water samples are tested twice in a year for bacteriological and chemical contamination; the report stated adding that results are submitted online on Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation official website through IMIS on regular basis.
As part of this initiative, Field Testing Kits (FTKs) are provided to the community, the report stated adding that during 2014-15 a total of 13, 596 water samples were tested with FTKs while 6,094 water samples were also tested in laboratories in all 11 districts of Nagaland state.