Morung Express News
Kohima | November 21
With the increasing challenge of waste management, ‘ZEROing our Wastes’, a workshop organized by Youth Action for Rural Development (YARD) and supported by Department of Tourism was held on November 21 at LCS Conference Hall, Kohima.
The concept of ‘Zero Waste’, according to YARD, is the practice of ‘create no wastes’, and its Mantra on – Reduce – Reuse – Recycle – Refuse for non-biodegradable and biodegradable items.
“Zero waste is not about producing or consuming nothing, but carefully and intentionally designing, producing and consuming without waste as an end product,” stated Khushboo Sharma, Zero Waste, Coordinator, Sikkim, resource person who spoke on the basic terms of waste, pollution, its global effects, importance of segregation of wastes. “If we do not create anything, we do not need solution. Practice on not creating waste. Change your mind and attitude towards waste,” said Sharma who emphasized on waste as a resource.
Sharma was also of the view that waste bins are not the solution because it only transfer wastes from one place to another, and encourage more wastes. Rather appeal was made to refuse to create waste. “Use and throw items are making people lazier,” asserted Sharma pointing out the increasing use of disposal cups and plates in Nagaland which adds to hazardous wastes. The importance of resource recovery was outlined where Sharma noted that before practicing the 3 R (reuse, recycle, reduce) one should learn to refuse to use the things they don’t need.
Sharma highlighted simple tips on reducing waste such as carrying one’s own personal water bottle, mugs and plates, using carry/tote bags for shopping instead of polythene bags etc.
A presentation on behalf of Kohima Municipal Council was delivered by Zakiekhoto Kiso. He mentioned that Kohima city generates about 65-70 metric ton of waste daily (60-70 percent dry waste). The unregulated timing of disposing waste by citizens and lack in basic waste management are problems and challenges faced by the KMC in regard to waste management. Kiso also highlighted the plans and projects of KMC such as the recycling unit at Lerie landfill which cost 15.9 crores with a plan capacity of 250kg per hour (approximately 2000-3000 kg per day). The recycling machineries comprise of 29 mini trucks waste collection vehicles and 5 compactors of 8 metric tons capacity. While the civil work started in May 2016, the project is to be completed by 2017. The Septage management plan at Dzuruzou costing 23 crore, , he highlighted, is a Biodigestor with installation of tanks for treatments and 8 cesspool vehicle with plan capacity of 9000 liter per day and is to be completed by 2018.
The water refurbishing at Jotsoma water reservoir, which cost 6.34 crores is a refurbishing of water treatment plant with electro-chlorination facilities. It comprises of 17 water reservoirs out of which 11 has been completed. Further, it was informed that the KMC’s construction of community toilets cost 92 lakhs comprising of 5 units has already been completed.
While concerns over wastes were on public health, environment, public expenditure and politics, today the issue on waste is also directly related to climate change. The current practice on wastes management is to create, collect and dump, however YARD views that effects across the country and the world indicates that management is a challenge because of generation beyond management capacity.
“Landfills are not the solution nor does it have the capacity and technology to function as desired.”