Veterinary Hospital Kohima
Brucellosis is an important bacterial zoonatic disease and cause heavy economic loss. It is cause by Brucella abortus or Brucella melitensis. It is a disease of sexually matured animals and is transmitted by direct contact from infected animals to healthy animals or through contaminated feeds, water, milk , milk products or from uterine discharge/ secretion, aborted foetus of infected animals. The disease is also transmissible to human beings through direct contact with infected animal tissue/discharge/secretion or from contaminated milk and milk products.
Sign and Symptom of Brucellosis in Dairy Animal
- Abortion in the last trimester of the pregnancy period.
- Irregular heat.
- Inflammation of the legs joints.
- Inflammation of the udder in cow.
- Inflammation of the testicles in bulls.
- Birth of a still born or weak calves.
- Retention of placenta after calves delivery.
- Reduced milk yield.
Steps for Prevention and Control of Brucellosis in Dairy Animal
- Vaccination of all female calves of the age group 4-8 months with Brucellosis vaccine.
- The cattle shed should be always kept clean, dry and airy.
- Immediate isolation of any diseased animals from the rest of the healthy herd.
- Uterine discharge secretions, aborted foetus and farm waste products should be disposed of properly.
- Artificial insemination ( AI) in cow to be practise, to prevent against various diseases.
- Farm workers should wash their hands thoroughly after cleaning the shed, handling, feeding and milking with detergent soap and water.
The farmer should immediately consult a Veterinarian or visit the nearest Veterinary Health Centre in case any of the above mentions signs and symptoms for early detection of the disease and proper treatments.