TODAY IN HISTORY - July 10, 2020

Following are some of the major events to have occurred on July 10

 

1679: The British crown claims New Hampshire as a royal colony.

 

1776: The statue of King George III is pulled down in New York City.

 

1778: In support of the American Revolution, Louis XVI declares war on England.

 

1850: Millard Fillmore is sworn in as the 13th president of the United States following the death of Zachary Taylor.

 

1890: Wyoming becomes the 44th state.

 

1893: Dr. Daniel Hale Williams performs the first successful open-heart surgery, without the benefit of penicillin or blood transfusion.

 

1925: The trial of Tennessee teacher John T. Scopes opens, with Clarence Darrow appearing for the defense and William Jennings Bryan for the prosecution.

 

1940: Germany begins the bombing of England.

 

1942: General Carl Spaatz becomes the head of the U.S. Air Force in Europe.

 

1943: American and British forces complete their amphibious landing of Sicily.

 

1945: U.S. carrier-based aircraft begin airstrikes against Japan in preparation for invasion.

 

1951: Armistice talks between the United Nations and North Korea begin at Kaesong.

 

1960: Belgium sends troops to the Congo to protect whites as the Congolese Bloodbath begins, just 10 days after the former colony became independent of Belgian rule.

 

1962: The satellite Telstar is launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida, beaming live television from Europe to the United States.

 

1976: In Seveso, near Milan, Italy, an explosion in a chemical factory covers the surrounding area with toxic dioxin. Time magazine has ranked the Seveso incident No. 8 on its list of the 10 worst environmental disasters.

 

1985: Coca-Cola Co. announces it will resume selling "old formula Coke," following a public outcry and falling sales of its "new Coke."

 

1991: Boris Yeltsin is sworn in as the first elected president of the Russian Federation, following the breakup of the USSR.

 

1993: Kenyan runner Yobes Ondieki becomes the first man to run 10,000 meters in less than 27 minutes.