What is ChatGPT? Understanding the new AI Chatbot

Moa Jamir 
Morung Express Feature

ChatGPT or Generative Pre-trained Transformer is a chatbot (see box) created by OpenAI, a San Francisco-based artificial intelligence (AI) research and deployment company whose stated mission is “to ensure that artificial general intelligence benefits all of humanity.

Since its launch in November 2020, ChatGPT has taken the internet and social media by storm, with the ‘jury still out’ on the pros and cons of its potential and capabilities. 

Regarding ChatGPT, the OpenAI website explained: “We’ve trained a model called ChatGPT which interacts in a conversational way. The dialogue format makes it possible for ChatGPT to answer follow up questions, admit its mistakes, challenge incorrect premises, and reject inappropriate requests.”

According to the company, ChatGPT is a sibling model to Instruct GPT, which is trained to follow an instruction in a prompt and provide a detailed response.

Among the ChatGPT capabilities cited by the OpenAI include abilities to remember what users said earlier in the conversation as well as allowing users to provide follow-up corrections.

The Chatbot is also trained to decline inappropriate requests.

Meanwhile, the company also has a disclaimer that the ChatGPT “may occasionally generate incorrect information” as well as “occasionally produce harmful instructions or biased content.”

It also has limited knowledge of world and events after 2021, it added. 

As per its own disruption, GPT-3 is a large language model developed by OpenAI and one of the largest models in terms of the number of parameters. 

The exact size of the GPT-3 model is 175 billion parameters and this makes it one of the largest language models in existence, allowing it to generate highly realistic and coherent text.

The large parameters also enables GPT-3 to perform a wide range of natural language processing tasks, such as language translation, question answering, and text summarization.

The model is pre-trained on a massive amount of data and fine-tuned for specific tasks, making it capable of producing human-like text, it said. 

The model can be used to assist with a wide range of tasks involving Natural Language Processing (NLP)*.

According a report on the Business Insider, GPT-3 processes through nearly 45 terabytes of text data running through 175 billion parameters and can detect “what you want to say before you even need to ask or search.”

How to use ChatGPT
As of now, ChatGPT is available only via a web page and one can sign up using an email-id or phone number to register. When The Morung Express checked out ChatGPT, its capabilities seemed to be amazing.

The homepage of the website gives certain examples by starter as guidance to ask such as: ‘Explain quantum computing in simple terms? Got any creative ideas for a 10 year old’s birthday? How do I make an HTTP request in Javascript?’

Accordingly one can perceive it is capable of answering simple mundane as well as complex queries.

Once ‘settled,’ one can ask any query and the ChatGPT will take a few seconds to give a fairly reasonable answer. Interestingly, however, there were some variances in answers generated via the desktop and mobile versions.

When there is heavy traffic or errors loading the webpage, ChatGPT ‘entertains’ you with interesting information, including self-deprecating jokes on the slowness of the webpage. 

While ChatGPT can come as an ‘ample’ aid to those seeking knowledge, it is prone to errors and generating more ‘fake news’, while other fears about losing creativity, particularly among the students, as well as creating redundancy in various sectors. 

As the company disclaimer claimed, it occasionally generates incorrect information. For instance, a question on ‘Corruption in Nagaland’ informed that while the Nagaland Lokayukta Act was passed in 2011 and “Lokayukta has not been set up yet…” However, The Act was passed in 2017 and first Nagaland Lokayukta was appointed in March 2019.  Queries on this newspaper itself missed its establishment year.

When pointed out, the ChatGPT ‘apologised’ and corrected the errors. 

As Business Insider noted, the largest AI language model ‘ever created can think, read and write like a human — but it can mess up like a human too.’

Use with discretion and verification.  

The Morung Express ‘asked’ ChatGPt three questions currently facing Nagaland and here are the answers: 

Corruption in Nagaland
“Corruption is a widespread problem in Nagaland, as it is in many other parts of India. It takes many forms such as bribery, embezzlement, nepotism, and abuse of power. The government and public sector are often cited as the most corrupt institutions in Nagaland, but private businesses and individuals are also known to engage in corrupt practices.

The lack of transparency and accountability in the state's institutions is a major contributing factor to the persistence of corruption. This can be seen in the way government contracts are awarded, the utilization of public funds, and the functioning of government departments.

Efforts to combat corruption in Nagaland include increased public awareness, stricter laws and enforcement, and the establishment of anti-corruption agencies. The Nagaland Lokayukta Act was passed in 2011 which aimed to establish an independent institution to investigate corruption allegations against public officials. However, the Lokayukta has not been set up yet and the act has not been implemented. (Editor’s note: The Act was passed on 2017 and the First Lokayukta of Nagaland was appointed on March 2019)

The state government has also launched various schemes and initiatives to combat corruption, such as the Nagaland Right to Service Act, which aims to make government services more efficient and transparent. However, there have been challenges in implementing these schemes and they have not been able to fully address the problem of corruption in the state.

In order to effectively tackle corruption in Nagaland, it is essential to address the underlying issues such as lack of transparency and accountability, weak governance, and lack of political will. Strong and effective measures need to be taken to ensure the implementation of laws and regulations, and to promote transparency and accountability in the state's institutions.”

Solving Naga political issue
“The Naga political issue is a complex and longstanding issue that has not yet been fully resolved. The root of the issue can be traced back to the demand for a separate Naga identity and self-determination, which has been a contentious issue for many years.Solving the Naga political issue would require a comprehensive and inclusive approach that addresses the underlying concerns and aspirations of all stakeholders, including the Naga people, the government of India, and other stakeholders.

Some steps that could be taken to resolve the issue include:
1.    Dialogue and negotiation: The government of India and the Naga groups should engage in constructive dialogue and negotiation to find a mutually acceptable solution.

2.    Addressing the root causes: The government should address the root causes of the issue, such as poverty, underdevelopment, and lack of opportunities, which have fueled the demand for a separate Naga identity and self-determination.

3.    Inclusive and participatory process: The process of resolving the issue should be inclusive and participatory, involving all stakeholders and taking into account the views and concerns of the Naga people.

4.    Building trust: Building trust between the government and the Naga groups is essential for a lasting solution.

5.    Constitutional provision: The government should consider providing constitutional provision for the Nagas as it will give a sense of belongingness and security to the Nagas

6.    Emphasizing on development: The government should focus on development initiatives in the state, such as infrastructure, education and healthcare, which will improve the overall well-being of the Naga people and create opportunities for economic growth.

It's important to note that resolving the Naga political issue will not be easy and will require patience, flexibility and willingness to compromise from all sides. It's also worth noting that this is a long-term process that will take time, effort and resources.”