Following are some of the major events to have occurred on August 14:

1900 - The Boxer Rebellion, a peasant uprising aimed at forcing all foreigners from China, was finally defeated when an international force captured Peking (now Beijing).

1945 - Japan accepted the Allies' terms of unconditional surrender, ending World War Two.

1949 - Konrad Adenauer was appointed first chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany.

1988 - Enzo Ferrari, Italian racing pioneer and sports car builder, died at his home in Modena aged 90.

2000 - The Russian Orthodox Church declared the last tsar, Nicholas II, and his family saints, 82 years after their murder by a Bolshevik firing squad in April 1918.

2003 - One of the biggest power outages hit large areas of North America trapping thousands in crowded subways and forcing millions of evacuated office workers onto the streets.

2004 - Hurricane Charley devastates Florida.

2004 - Czeslaw Milosz, Poland's Nobel Prize-winning emigre poet and symbol of opposition to totalitarianism, died at the age of 93.

2005 - A Cypriot airliner belonging to Helios Airlines crashed into a mountainous area north of Athens, killing all 121 people on board.

2006 - A U.N.-brokered truce to end five weeks of fighting between Israel and Lebanese Hizbollah guerrillas came into effect. The war, which erupted after Hizbollah's capture of two Israeli soldiers in a cross-border operation, cost the lives of around 1,110 people in Lebanon, and 156 Israelis.

2015 - U.S. embassy re-opens in Havana after 54 years.