COVID-19: Diabetes, hypertension most common comorbidities in Nagaland

Morung Express News
Dimapur | October 25 

Diabetes Mellitus and hypertension emerged as the two most common comorbidities for the patients of COVID-19 in Nagaland, analysis of data by State Health Department showed. 

As per the to the State’s Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme (IDSP), Department of Health & Family Welfare data, over two-third (86.36%)of patients who succumbed to COVID-19 infections were also suffering from diabetes and hypertension .

In absolute terms, it translated to 19 out of 22 deaths till October 23.  

Individually, diabetes accounted for 45.45% of the comorbidities with 10 cases and there were 9 cases of hypertension or 40.91%.  The next in line were Coronary Artery Disease and Chronic Liver Disease with 4 each (or 18.18%).

Other comorbidities included Tuberculosis, Cerebro Vascular Accident, Chronic Kidney Disease and Obesity (2 each). 

“Multiple comorbidities are associated with a single patient,” the IDSP’s ‘COVID-19 Weekly Bulletin’ underscored, while putting the ‘Deaths with comorbidities at 73%.

Out of 22 deaths till October 23, Dimapur accounted for highest casualties at 16, followed by Kohima (4), Mon (1) and Mokokchung (1).

According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) of the US Department of Health & Human Services, comorbidities in simple terms means “more than one disease or condition is present in the same person at the same time,” and are often chronic or long-term conditions. Other names to describe comorbid conditions are coexisting or co-occurring conditions and sometimes also “multimorbidity” or “multiple chronic conditions.”

Meanwhile, in tune with the trends seen world over, the COVID-19 death data also informed that more male died from the infections in comparison to women.

As of October 23, out of total 22 deaths, 77% or over two-third were men and in terms of infections, 82 percent of the total confirmed cases were males. 

 “59% of deaths are below 60 years of age,” the bulletin informed, while the median age was 57 years. The patients succumbing to the disease ranged from 28-84 years, with the highest in 40-49 years bracket with 5 deaths.    

It was followed by 28-39 yrs, 50-59 yrs and 70-79 yrs with 4 each. The third categories were 80-89 years with three deaths and 60-69 years with two deaths. “All COVID-19 deaths are certified by the state death committee as per ICMR and WHO ICD 10 guideline,” it noted. 

Meanwhile, according to IDSP’s daily bulletin on October 25, COVID-19 deaths in Nagaland increased to 25. In addition, 6 deaths were COVID positive but not COVID related and 6 are under investigation, it added.