Weather based Integrated Agro Advisory for the month of Dec 2023

General Advisory
1.    Apply light and frequent irrigation / sprinkler irrigation in the evening hours to protect the crops from cold injury.
2.    Cover banana bunches with porous polythene bags.
3.    Keep cattle inside the sheds during night and provide dry bedding to protect them from cold.
4.    Increase protein level and minerals in the feed concentrate to keep the animals healthy to cope up with the cold condition.
5.    Give animal’s mineral mixture along with salt regularly and also wheat grains, jaggery etc. @ 10%-20% in the daily ration during winter season to meet the energy requirement of the animals. 
6.    In Poultry, keep the chicks warm by providing artificial light in the poultry sheds.

Plant Breeding & Genetics –Harendra Verma
1.    Apply 1-2 tonne of manure per ha in field to maintain soil fertility.
2.    Properly dry the harvested kharif crop and store in dry and aerated place to avoid contamination with fungi and other microbes.
3.    Recommended varieties for rabi season crops suitable for our region- 
        Toria – TS-36, TS-38 and TS-64
        Linseed – Parvati
        Field pea – Aman
        Green pea – Arkel
4.    Arrange all the agri-input such as fertilizers and pesticides in advance.
5.    Apply Sulphur @30kg/ha using side banding method to enhance the production and quality of oil in oilseed crop.
6.    If sulphur deficiency is observed in the field foliar application should be carried out @ 0.5% concentration.  

Entomology – Moanaro Lemtur
1.    Replace yellow sticky traps in the vegetables field to avoid fungal growth.
2.    Apply neem cake @ 250 kg/ha to plant beds while planting tomato and chilli and repeat after 30 days for managing sucking pests.
3.    In mustard and cole crops if aphids infestation is observed, spray soap solution in the initial stage, but if the attack is severe spray Imidacloprid 17.8 SL @ 0.3 ml/L or Novaluron 10 EC @ 1 ml/L of water during evening hours. 
4.    Deep ploughing in the first fortnight of December in mango orchard and raking the soil around the tree trunk prevents Nymphs of mealy bug, Drosicha mangifera climbing back to trees.
5.    In litchi, remove mite infested brown velvety leaves and burn the removed leaves and spray  wettable sulphur 80WP @ 3 g/L, propargite 57 % EC @ 1.5 ml or Novaluron 10 EC @ 1 ml/L of water prior to vegetative flushing.
Poultry –Mahak Singh 
Winter is vulnerable period for poultry so proper care should be taken.
1.    Lighting: 
a)    Broilers - 23 hours light and 1 hour darkness may be provided.
b) Layer birds - 14-16 hours of bright light is required for peak production.
2.    Warmth and dryness:
a)    Keep the chicks warm by using high watt filament bulbs.
b) Floor and litter material should be dry. If possible put in a fresh batch of deep litter atleast 6 inches deep for the winter months.
c)    Brooders for chicks should be properly maintained.
3.    Broilers should be provided 1.0 square feet floor space for adult birds and 2.5 sq feet for layers and other dual purpose varieties.
4.    Coccidiosis: In overcrowded conditions, this disease is very catastrophic. Avoid overcrowding and if red droppings are seen, immediately treat with coccidian specific drugs.
5.    Deworm and vaccinate on schedule.

Piggery – Mahak Singh
1.    Piglets require special attention and care during winter. Provide warm bedding material to the piglets. Piglet diarrhoea should be treated immediately as piglets are highly susceptible to cold shock and dehydration. Keep the floor dry at all times.
2.    Provide protection from direct cold wind blasts/drafts.
3.    Avoid feeding cabbage leftovers without properly cooking.
4.    Kitchen/ hotel/ market waste should be boiled in hot water for atleast 45 minutes before feeding.
5.    Disinfect pig shed after washing away all debris with water. KMnO4 (Potassium permanganate/Phenyl may be used.
6.    If African swine fever is prevalent in the locality it is good to use specific disinfectant such as viroxide or sodium hypochlorite.
7.    Provide sufficient clean water daily for drinking.
8.    Deworm and vaccinate on schedule.

Fishery – Jyotish Barman
Due to decrease in water level and temperature during winter months, culture fish comes under stress and are vulnerable to several diseases. In order to maintain a good health, it is necessary to keep the pond clean and maintain optimum water quality. The following measures should be taken.
1.    Apply lime after testing the soil and water to maintain optimum pH and as prophylactic treatment. Alternatively for one bigha pond area, mix 10 kg agricultural lime with 1 kg powdered turmeric and apply into the pond.
2.    If there is deposition of organic waste in the pond bottom, it has to be removed.
3.    Remove aquatic weeds from the pond as well as embankment.
4.    Washing of clothes and utensils, bathing of human and animals should be avoided.
5.    Discourage entry of birds and animals into the pond as they may carry germs detrimental to fish.
6.    Care should be taken that fish are not injured. If injured, the fish should be dipped in 1 mg/litre potassium permanganate solution for one minute before releasing into the pond.
7.    Diseased or moribund fish should be mixed with lime and buried in a pit at a distance from the pond.
8.    If the pond has sufficient water (minimum 6 feet depth), then feeding @ 2 kg/bigha/day should be continued. Ponds in which water depth has drastically reduced, it is advisable to harvest the entire lot.
9.    If there is algal bloom on the pond surface, suspend feeding and manuring immediately for 15 days.
10. Since, water level usually declines during water months, fish of bigger size should be harvested to reduce the stocking load.