Following are some of the major events to have occurred on Aug. 9:
1919 - The Italian composer and librettist Ruggiero Leoncavallo, famed for his opera "Pagliacci", died aged 62.
1945 - The United States dropped a second atomic bomb on Japan, this time on the city of Nagasaki; a wide area was reduced to ashes and more than 70,000 people were killed.
1969 - The actress Sharon Tate, wife of the film director Roman Polanski, was found murdered with four others at their house in Beverly Hills, California.
1974 - Gerald Ford was sworn in as 38th president of the United States after Richard Nixon resigned.
1995 - Jerry Garcia, leader of the rock band Grateful Dead and a leading symbol of the U.S. counter-culture revolution of the 1960s, died aged 53.
2000 - Venezuela's President Hugo Chavez made the first visit to Iraq by an elected head of state since Iraq invaded Kuwait in 1990.
2004 - Terry Nichols was sentenced to 161 life sentences without parole for the 1995 bombing of a U.S. federal building in Oklahoma City, which killed 168 people.
2008 - The American comedian and actor Bernie Mac, who starred in one of U.S. television's few black sitcoms and appeared in the "Ocean's 11" movies, died aged 50.
2008 - Russian warplane drops a bomb on an apartment block in the Georgian town of Gori.
2012 - Kenya's David Lekuta Rudisha sets new world record in men's 800m race.
2014 - Black teenager Michael Brown is shot to death by police in Ferguson, Missouri sparking prolonged protests and unrest.