TODAY IN HISTORY - July 2

Following are some of the major events to have occurred on July 02


1298: An army under Albert of Austria defeats forces led by Adolf of Nassau.

 

1625: The Spanish army takes Breda, Spain, after nearly a year of siege.

 

1644: Oliver Cromwell crushes the Royalists at the Battle of Marston Moor.

 

1747: Marshall Saxe leads the French forces to victory over an Anglo-Dutch force under the Duke of Cumberland at the Battle of Lauffeld.

 

1776: The Continental Congress resolves with the Declaration of Independence that the American colonies "are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States."

 

1822: Denmark Vesey is executed in Charleston, South Carolina, for planning a massive slave revolt.

 

1858: Czar Alexander II frees the serfs working on imperial lands.

 

1863: The Union left flank holds at Little Round Top during the Battle of Gettysburg.

 

1881: Charles J. Guiteau fatally wounds President James A. Garfield in Washington, D.C.

 

1926: Congress establishes the Army Air Corps.

 

1937: American aviation pioneer Amelia Earhart disappears in the Central Pacific during an attempt to fly around the world.

 

1961: Novelist Ernest Hemingway commits suicide at his home in Ketchum, Idaho.

 

1964: President Lyndon Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act into law.

 

1967: The U.S. launches Operation Buffalo in Vietnam.

 

1976: North and South Vietnam are officially reunified.

 

1980: President Jimmy Carter reinstates draft registration for males 18 years of age.