1917 - Hilaire-Germaine-Edgar Degas, French artist known as one of the greatest 19th century French artists, died.
1922 - King Constantine I of Greece abdicated. He was king from 1913-17 and from 1920-22. A military revolt cost him his throne for the second time when Greece failed to defeat Turkey after World War One.
1970 - Jordan's King Hussein and Yasser Arafat, leader of the Palestine Liberation Movement, signed an agreement in Cairo to end Jordan's civil war.
1996 - Afghanistan's Taliban movement captured the capital Kabul and hanged the former president Najibullah.
1997 - Internet search-engine Google is founded.
2002 - Tiny East Timor, the world's newest nation since breaking away from Indonesia after a bloody conflict, joined the United Nations as its 191st member.
2005 - Lynndie England, the U.S. soldier pictured holding a leash to a naked Iraqi inmate at Abu Ghraib prison, was sentenced to three years in prison and given a dishonourable discharge.
2008 - Astronaut Zhai Zhigang becomes first Chinese man to walk in space.
2008 - World's largest hot dog made in Monterrey, northern Mexico.
2012 - Mona Lisa Foundation unveils painting it says proves Leonardo da Vinci painted an earlier version of the iconic Mona Lisa.
2014 - Japan's Mount Ontake erupts, injuring at least eight people and leaving more than 250 stranded.