AI on AI: Google’s Gemini and OpenAI's ChatGPT list major pros & cons of AI in Education sector

Morung Feature 

OpenAI’s ChatGPT and Google’s Gemini have emerged as most recognisable players in the field artificial intelligence (AI), particularly Generative AI (GenAI) in recent years in context of education.
The Morung Express prompted both to list some major pros and cons as well as recommendations for how AI can be best utilised in education sector. Here are some answers.


ChatGPT: AI in the education sector offers a range of benefits and challenges. Here are some major pros and cons:

Personalised Learning: AI can tailor educational content to meet the individual needs of each student, adapting to their learning pace and style. This personalised approach can help students grasp concepts more effectively and stay engaged.

Automation of Administrative Tasks:  AI can handle administrative tasks such as grading, scheduling, and managing student records, freeing up time for educators to focus on teaching and student interaction.

Enhanced Accessibility: AI-powered tools can make education more accessible to students with disabilities by providing speech-to-text, text-to-speech, and other assistive technologies.

Data-Driven Insights: AI can analyse large amounts of data to provide insights into student performance, helping educators identify areas where students are struggling and adjust their teaching strategies accordingly.

24/7 Support: AI-powered chatbots and virtual assistants can provide students with round-the-clock support, answering questions and offering guidance outside of regular school hours.

Engaging Learning Experiences: AI can create interactive and immersive learning experiences through technologies like virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR), making learning more engaging and enjoyable.


High Implementation Costs: Integrating AI into educational systems can be expensive, involving significant investments in technology, infrastructure, and training for educators.

Privacy Concerns: The use of AI involves the collection and analysis of vast amounts of student data, raising concerns about data privacy and security.

Dependency and Reduced Human Interaction: Over-reliance on AI could reduce the amount of human interaction in education, potentially impacting the development of social and emotional skills among students.

Bias and Fairness Issues: AI systems can inadvertently perpetuate biases present in the data they are trained on, leading to unfair or discriminatory outcomes in educational settings.

Technological Barriers: There can be significant disparities in access to AI technology, particularly in underfunded schools or regions with limited technological infrastructure, exacerbating the digital divide.

Job Displacement: The automation of certain educational tasks might lead to job displacement for some administrative and support staff within the education sector.

Gemini: AI has the potential to revolutionize education, but it also comes with challenges. Here's a look at some of the major pros and cons:


Personalised Learning: AI can tailor learning to individual student needs and pace. This can be a game-changer for students who struggle in traditional classrooms or who are gifted and need more challenge.

Real-time Feedback: AI tutors can provide immediate feedback on student work, helping them identify and correct mistakes as they go.

Immersive Learning Experiences: AI can create engaging and interactive learning experiences, such as simulations and games, that can make learning more fun and effective.


Cost: Developing and implementing AI-powered education tools can be expensive.

Lack of Human Touch: AI cannot replicate the social and emotional connection that a human teacher can provide.
Data Privacy Concerns: There are concerns about how student data is collected and used by AI systems.


Personalised Learning: Use adaptive learning platforms to tailor content and pace to individual student needs.

Supplementary Tutoring: Implement AI-driven tutoring systems for additional support outside of classroom hours.

Administrative Efficiency: Automate routine tasks like grading and attendance to free up educators' time.

Assistive Technologies: Utilise AI tools to enhance accessibility for students with disabilities.

Early Intervention: Use AI to identify at-risk students early and enable timely interventions.

Professional Development: Train educators on effective AI integration in teaching practices.

Ethical and Fair AI: Develop and use AI systems that promote fairness and avoid bias, with regular audits.

Data Privacy and Security: Ensure robust measures to protect student information.

Inclusive Access: Minimise the digital divide by ensuring all students have access to AI tools.

Interactive Learning: Create engaging learning experiences with AI-powered VR and AR technologies.

Implementation Strategy:

Pilot Programmes: Start with small-scale implementations to test AI tools and gather feedback.

Stakeholder Involvement: Engage educators, students, parents, and policymakers in planning and implementation.
Continuous Assessment: Regularly assess and adjust AI tools based on educational outcomes.

Collaborative Development: Partner with tech companies and research institutions for tailored AI solutions.

Ethical Guidelines: Establish clear ethical guidelines for AI use in education, focusing on transparency and accountability.

Focus on Personalised Learning: AI should be a sidekick, not a replacement, for teachers. Use it to personalize learning paths, identify student strengths and weaknesses, and recommend appropriate resources.

Address Skill Gaps:  AI can analyze data to identify areas where students are struggling across a region or school. This can help educators target instruction and create programs to fill skill gaps.

Automate Mundane Tasks: Free up teachers' time by using AI for grading, scheduling, and administrative tasks. This allows them to focus on more important tasks like creating engaging lesson plans and providing individualized support.

Support Students with Disabilities: AI tools can be designed to cater to students with special needs, such as text-to-speech or speech-to-text software, or adaptive learning programs for dyslexic students.

Immerse in New Worlds: Utilise AI for simulations, virtual reality experiences, and educational games to make learning interactive and engaging. This can be particularly helpful for subjects like science, history, or language learning.

ChatGPT: Balancing pros and cons is crucial for effectively integrating AI into education, ensuring it enhances the learning experience without compromising essential human elements and ethical considerations.

Gemini: Overall, AI should be a tool to empower educators and enhance the learning experience for all students. Remember, it's about creating a blended learning environment that leverages the strengths of both AI and human teachers.