Health

  • GSK's long acting HIV injection gets boost from study
     The GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) logo is seen on top of GSK Asia House in Singapore on March 21, 2018. (REUTERS File Photo)     Reuters GlaxoSmithKline's experimental HIV injection is as effective when given every other month as monthly, according to a study, a convenience that could help the British drugmaker in its battle against a rival drug from Gilead Sciences.GSK's two-drug injection was as effective as a monthly dose of the same regimen in maintaining v
  • Air pollution linked to premature death risk
    Sydney, August 22 (IANS) Exposure to toxic air pollutants is linked to increased deaths due to cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, warn researchers. Conducted over a 30-year period, the study, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, analysed data on air pollution and mortality in 652 cities across 24 countries and regions. The researchers found that increases in total deaths are linked to exposure to inhalable particles (PM10) and fine particles (PM2.5) emitted fro
  • Quit smoking to cut heart disease risk
    New York, August 22 (IANS) Heavy cigarette smokers can reduce their risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) by 39 per cent within five years if they quit, researchers said. It takes at least five to 10 years and perhaps up to 25 years after quitting, for CVD risk to become as low as that of a person who has never smoked, according to the study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). "The cardiovascular system begins to heal relatively quickly after quit
  • Insomnia linked to increased risk of heart failure: Study
    London, August 19 (IANS) People suffering from insomnia might have an increased risk of coronary artery disease, heart failure and stroke, says a study. According to researchers, previous observational studies have found an association between insomnia, which affects up to 30 per cent of the general population and an increased risk of developing heart disease and stroke. "These observational studies were unable to determine whether insomnia is a cause, or if it is just associated
  • A gene mutation can put you at alcoholism risk
    New York, August 18 (IANS) A tiny genetic mutation can put people at a higher risk for alcohol or drug addiction, say researchers. COMT is the name of a gene that helps the body manage dopamine, a chemical that is released when a person drinks alcohol or takes a drug like amphetamine. The research by William R. Lovallo from the University of Oklahoma's College of Medicine focused on a small mutation of COMT. People with this mutation of the COMT gene are more vulnerable to the
  • People with HIV at increased risk of COPD: Study
    London, August 17 (IANS) People living with HIV have a significantly elevated risk of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and coughs, heart disease, pregnancy mortality and sepsis, anemia and bone fractures, according to a study. For the study, published in the journal Clinical Infectious Diseases, researchers combined data from 20 separate observational studies and examined 55 different illnesses. They found that people living with HIV are at an increased risk of contra
  • New drug for pancreatic cancer shows promise in trial
    New York, August 17 (IANS) Researchers have found a new drug for treating pancreatic cancer which showed promising initial results during clinical trial testing. The trial looked at AZD1775, an inhibitor designed to block an enzyme called Wee1, which plays a role in DNA damage repair. The trial builds on almost 20 years of research focused on improving the treatment of pancreatic cancer that is too advanced for surgery. "If we can disable the DNA damage response in pancreatic
  • Women with sleep apnea at increased risk of cancer: Study
    London, August 17 (IANS) Women with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) appear to be at an elevated risk of getting cancer than men with the condition, warn researchers. The study, published in the European Respiratory Journal, is based on analyses of registry data, collected in the European database ESADA, on a total of some 20,000 adult patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). About 2 per cent of them also had a cancer diagnosis. "It's reasonable to assume that sleep apnea is a r
  • Kids with mild asthma can use inhalers as needed
    New York, August 17 (IANS) Researchers have found that children with mild asthma can effectively manage the condition by using their two inhalers -- one a steroid and the other a bronchodilator -- when symptoms occur. The steroid inhaler lowers inflammation and the bronchodilator, also known as a rescue inhaler, relaxes the airway during an asthma attack to quickly make breathing easier, according to the study published in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice.
  • Heart attack cases higher in areas with more fast food outlets
    Sydney, August 13 (IANS) While it is known that eating fast food is not good for health, researchers, including one of an Indian-origin, have found that areas with a higher number of fast food outlets record more heart attack cases. Published in the European Heart Journal, the findings also showed that for every additional fast food outlet, there were four additional heart attacks per 100,000 people each year. The findings were consistent across rural and metropolitan areas after
  • Exercise more for better fitness after retirement
    London, August 12 (IANS) Middle-aged people over 55 years of age in particular should be doing more to keep fit as they approach retirement age because of the physical, mental and social benefits of being active, says a study. "Adults are spending more years of their life working than ever before. Retiring is a life-changing event which provides all sorts of opportunities - but it coincides with declining physical activity, health and wellbeing," said the study's lead author Charlot
  • Stress, anxiety may not be as harmful as you think
    New York, August 12 (IANS) People generally think of stress and anxiety as negative concepts, now new study shows that they often play a helpful, not harmful, role in our daily lives. "Many Americans now feel stressed about being stressed and anxious about being anxious. Unfortunately, by the time someone reaches out to a professional for help, stress and anxiety have already built to unhealthy levels," said study researcher Lisa Damour, private-practice psychologist from the US.
  • Indian firm develops test to detect drug-resistant TB mutation
    Bengaluru, August 8 (IANS) Genetic diagnostic and drug discovery research firm MedGeneome Labs on Thursday claimed to have developed the first whole genomic sequencing-based test to detect drug-resistant mutation in tuberculosis (TB) bacteria. "The breakthrough DNA test will enable a doctor to correctly prescribe the most effective drug to a TB patient without a time-consuming trial and error process," said the city-based clinical data-driven Labs. Announcing its foray into infec
  • Multiple genes to blame for risk of asthma, eczema
    London, August 6 (IANS) Researchers have found a total of 141 regions in our genetic material that largely explain the genetic risk underlying asthma, hay fever and eczema. As many as 41 of the genes identified have not previously been linked to an elevated risk for these diseases. The study, published in the journal Human Molecular Genetics, shows that the risk of developing asthma, hay fever or eczema is affected by genes, environment and lifestyle factors. It was also noted th
  • Your video selfie may measure blood pressure
    Toronto, August 6 (IANS) In good news for people who have blood pressure (BP) problems, monitoring BP might one day become as easy as taking a video selfie. Researchers, including one of an Indian-origin, have tested a technology called transdermal optical imaging that measures blood pressure by detecting blood flow changes in smartphone-captured facial videos. "This study shows that facial video can contain some information about systolic blood pressure," said Indian-origin rese
  • Reduce 'ugly cholesterol' for stroke prevention
    London, August 3 (IANS) Reducing high levels of remnant cholesterol or 'ugly cholesterol' can significantly cut the risk of stroke and myocardial infarction, suggest researchers. In a study, published in Atherosclerosis journal, the researchers from University of Copenhagen observed that levels of remnant cholesterol in the blood of adults are just as high as the amount of the "bad" LDL cholesterol. There are three types of cholesterol found in the blood -- remnant cholesterol or
  • Smartphone gaming better stress reliever than fidget-spinner
    New Delhi, August 2 (IANS) Digital games, like those on smartphones, may help in relieving stress after a day's work more effectively than a fidget-spinner toy, a new study suggests. "Far from feeling guilty about being absorbed by their phone, people who play such games after a stressful day at work should know they are likely to be gaining a real benefit," said Anna Cox, Professor at the University of Bath in UK. In the study published in JMIR Mental Health, 45 participants age
  • 822 million suffer from chronic malnutrition, FAO says
    Rome, Aug 1 (IANS) Almost 822 million people suffered from chronic malnutrition and about 2,000 million had food insecurity in 2018, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN has said in a report. New Director-General of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Qu Dongyu, faces the challenge of mobilizing more public and private efforts against malnutrition, in a clear rise in the world for the last three years. Qu will follow the steps of Brazilian José Graziano da Si
  • High Vitamin A intake can lower skin cancer risk
    New York, Aug 1 (IANS) Researchers have found that people who intake high levels of Vitamin A were 17 per cent less at risk of getting a skin cancer as compared to those who ate modest amounts of foods and supplements rich in Vitamin A. "Our study provides another reason to eat lots of fruits and vegetables as part of a healthy diet. Skin cancer, including squamous cell carcinoma, is hard to prevent, but this study suggests that eating a healthy diet rich in Vitamin A, in addition t
  • Mobile tower radiation increasing risk of oral problems
    Chennai, July 31 (IANS) Radiation from mobile phone towers could be a reason for increasing oral problems in people, said a doctor at Saveetha Dental College and Hospital here on Wednesday.   "The environment plays an important part in the health and oral health. Even the radiation from the cell phone towers can be a reason for oral problems," said Pratibha Ramani, Professor and Head of Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology at the hospital. She was speaking to th