• Want to live longer? Optimism is the key
    New York, August 28 (IANS) Researchers have found that individuals with greater optimism are more likely to live longer and achieve "exceptional longevity". "While research has identified many risk factors for diseases and premature death, we know relatively less about positive psychosocial factors that can promote healthy aging," said Lewina Lee, Assistant Professor at the Boston University. "This study has strong public health relevance because it suggests that optimism is one
  • What puts people with diabetes at increased cancer risk
    New York, August 26 (IANS) Researchers have found that DNA sustains more damage and gets fixed less often when blood sugar levels are high compared to when blood sugar is at a normal, healthy level, thereby increasing one's cancer risk. "It's been known for a long time that people with diabetes have as much as a 2.5-fold increased risk for certain cancers," said John Termini from City of Hope, a research and treatment center for cancer and diabetes in the US. These cancers includ
  • Spending time on phone not so bad for mental health
    New Delhi, August 24 (IANS) In contrast to generally held views about the negative impact of using smartphones, researchers have found that teenagers spending time on their phones and online is not that bad for mental heath. "Contrary to the common belief that smartphones and social media are damaging adolescents' mental health, we don't see much support for the idea that time spent on phones and online is associated with increased risk for mental health problems," said Michaeline J
  • Own a pet for better heart health
    New Delhi, August 24 (IANS) Pet ownership, especially that of a dog, is associated with a decreased risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), says a new study. According to Hemant Madan, Director Cardiology, Narayana Superspeciality Hospital in Gurugram, it is a well-observed fact that pet owners tend to have a lower incidence of heart disease. "This is due to several reasons such as lower blood pressure, a better exercise schedule and a lower cholesterol level. Moreover, even after
  • Facial pain may be a symptom of headaches: Study
    London, August 24 (IANS) Facial pain may be a symptom of headaches as researchers have found that up to 10 per cent of people with headaches also suffer from facial pain. "Facial pain has not been well recognised as a symptom of headache and some people end up waiting a long time for a proper diagnosis and treatment," said study author Arne May from the University of Hamburg in Germany. "This study shows that facial pain is not uncommon, and for many people their pain occurs main
  • Pomegranate juice helps in unborn babies' brain development
    New York, August 24 (IANS) Drinking pomegranate juice during pregnancy may improve brain development and connectivity in unborn babies. Pomegranate juice is a particularly rich source of polyphenols which are known to cross the blood-brain barrier. Polyphenols, which include tannic acid and ellagitannins, are part of a class of antioxidants found in many foods and beverages, including nuts, berries, red wine and teas. "Our study provides preliminary evidence suggesting potenti
  • Fish oil pills won't protect you from diabetes: Study
    London, August 23 (IANS) If you are popping fish oil supplements to protect yourself against diabetes, you may be mistaken. According to the researchers, Omega-3 fats have little or no effect on risk of Type 2 diabetes. Increased consumption of omega 3 fats is widely promoted because of a common belief that it will protect against, or even reverse, conditions such as diabetes. According to the team from University of East Anglia (UEA), omega 3 supplements offer no benefit. "Ou
  • GSK's long acting HIV injection gets boost from study
     The GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) logo is seen on top of GSK Asia House in Singapore on March 21, 2018. (REUTERS File Photo)     Reuters GlaxoSmithKline's experimental HIV injection is as effective when given every other month as monthly, according to a study, a convenience that could help the British drugmaker in its battle against a rival drug from Gilead Sciences.GSK's two-drug injection was as effective as a monthly dose of the same regimen in maintaining v
  • Air pollution linked to premature death risk
    Sydney, August 22 (IANS) Exposure to toxic air pollutants is linked to increased deaths due to cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, warn researchers. Conducted over a 30-year period, the study, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, analysed data on air pollution and mortality in 652 cities across 24 countries and regions. The researchers found that increases in total deaths are linked to exposure to inhalable particles (PM10) and fine particles (PM2.5) emitted fro
  • Quit smoking to cut heart disease risk
    New York, August 22 (IANS) Heavy cigarette smokers can reduce their risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) by 39 per cent within five years if they quit, researchers said. It takes at least five to 10 years and perhaps up to 25 years after quitting, for CVD risk to become as low as that of a person who has never smoked, according to the study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). "The cardiovascular system begins to heal relatively quickly after quit
  • Insomnia linked to increased risk of heart failure: Study
    London, August 19 (IANS) People suffering from insomnia might have an increased risk of coronary artery disease, heart failure and stroke, says a study. According to researchers, previous observational studies have found an association between insomnia, which affects up to 30 per cent of the general population and an increased risk of developing heart disease and stroke. "These observational studies were unable to determine whether insomnia is a cause, or if it is just associated
  • A gene mutation can put you at alcoholism risk
    New York, August 18 (IANS) A tiny genetic mutation can put people at a higher risk for alcohol or drug addiction, say researchers. COMT is the name of a gene that helps the body manage dopamine, a chemical that is released when a person drinks alcohol or takes a drug like amphetamine. The research by William R. Lovallo from the University of Oklahoma's College of Medicine focused on a small mutation of COMT. People with this mutation of the COMT gene are more vulnerable to the
  • People with HIV at increased risk of COPD: Study
    London, August 17 (IANS) People living with HIV have a significantly elevated risk of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and coughs, heart disease, pregnancy mortality and sepsis, anemia and bone fractures, according to a study. For the study, published in the journal Clinical Infectious Diseases, researchers combined data from 20 separate observational studies and examined 55 different illnesses. They found that people living with HIV are at an increased risk of contra
  • New drug for pancreatic cancer shows promise in trial
    New York, August 17 (IANS) Researchers have found a new drug for treating pancreatic cancer which showed promising initial results during clinical trial testing. The trial looked at AZD1775, an inhibitor designed to block an enzyme called Wee1, which plays a role in DNA damage repair. The trial builds on almost 20 years of research focused on improving the treatment of pancreatic cancer that is too advanced for surgery. "If we can disable the DNA damage response in pancreatic
  • Women with sleep apnea at increased risk of cancer: Study
    London, August 17 (IANS) Women with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) appear to be at an elevated risk of getting cancer than men with the condition, warn researchers. The study, published in the European Respiratory Journal, is based on analyses of registry data, collected in the European database ESADA, on a total of some 20,000 adult patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). About 2 per cent of them also had a cancer diagnosis. "It's reasonable to assume that sleep apnea is a r
  • Kids with mild asthma can use inhalers as needed
    New York, August 17 (IANS) Researchers have found that children with mild asthma can effectively manage the condition by using their two inhalers -- one a steroid and the other a bronchodilator -- when symptoms occur. The steroid inhaler lowers inflammation and the bronchodilator, also known as a rescue inhaler, relaxes the airway during an asthma attack to quickly make breathing easier, according to the study published in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice.
  • Heart attack cases higher in areas with more fast food outlets
    Sydney, August 13 (IANS) While it is known that eating fast food is not good for health, researchers, including one of an Indian-origin, have found that areas with a higher number of fast food outlets record more heart attack cases. Published in the European Heart Journal, the findings also showed that for every additional fast food outlet, there were four additional heart attacks per 100,000 people each year. The findings were consistent across rural and metropolitan areas after
  • Exercise more for better fitness after retirement
    London, August 12 (IANS) Middle-aged people over 55 years of age in particular should be doing more to keep fit as they approach retirement age because of the physical, mental and social benefits of being active, says a study. "Adults are spending more years of their life working than ever before. Retiring is a life-changing event which provides all sorts of opportunities - but it coincides with declining physical activity, health and wellbeing," said the study's lead author Charlot
  • Stress, anxiety may not be as harmful as you think
    New York, August 12 (IANS) People generally think of stress and anxiety as negative concepts, now new study shows that they often play a helpful, not harmful, role in our daily lives. "Many Americans now feel stressed about being stressed and anxious about being anxious. Unfortunately, by the time someone reaches out to a professional for help, stress and anxiety have already built to unhealthy levels," said study researcher Lisa Damour, private-practice psychologist from the US.
  • Indian firm develops test to detect drug-resistant TB mutation
    Bengaluru, August 8 (IANS) Genetic diagnostic and drug discovery research firm MedGeneome Labs on Thursday claimed to have developed the first whole genomic sequencing-based test to detect drug-resistant mutation in tuberculosis (TB) bacteria. "The breakthrough DNA test will enable a doctor to correctly prescribe the most effective drug to a TB patient without a time-consuming trial and error process," said the city-based clinical data-driven Labs. Announcing its foray into infec