1912 - Tripoli ceases to be under Turkish control after peace reached between Italy and Turkey.
1935 - The League of Nations imposed sanctions against Italy following its invasion of Ethiopia.
1978 - Rhodesian troops attacked suspected guerrilla camps in neighbouring Zambia, killing 300 people.
1986 - President Samora Machel of Mozambique and 30 of his staff were killed in a plane crash near the South African border.
1987 - Wall Street stocks plunged a record 508 points or 22.6 per cent on "Black Monday".
1989 - Guildford Four released after 15 years in jail when they were wrongly accused of carrying out IRA bombings.
2001 - At least 350 people were killed when an overcrowded boat, on its way to Australia from Lampung in Sumatra carrying mostly Iraqi asylum seekers, sank near Java.
2003 - Pope John Paul beatified Mother Teresa before a crowd of 300,000, calling her an icon of charity.
2004 - Khin Nyunt was sacked as prime minister of military-ruled Myanmar amid allegations of corruption and placed under house arrest.
2005 - Ousted Iraqi president Saddam Hussein went on trial on charges of crimes against humanity.
2012 - Speed skater Valerie Maltais of Canada sets new world record in ladies 1000m event.