Following are some of the major events to have occurred on September 23
1896 - Queen Victoria becomes longest-reigning British monarch.
1912 - Silent film director Mack Sennett's first "Keystone Cops" film, "Cohen Collects a Debt", was released.
1939 - Sigmund Freud, the Austrian psychiatrist and founder of psychoanalysis, died aged 83.
1973 - The Chilean poet and diplomat Pablo Neruda died. One of the most noted Spanish-language poets, he also served as consul to Burma, Argentina and Mexico.
2001 - In Poland, the former Communist Party won an election that condemned the Solidarity government to political oblivion.
2004 - Andre Hazes, a popular Dutch crooner who modernised a centuries-old tradition of Amsterdam tearjerkers by adding elements of pop music and soul, died aged 53.
2006 - Yemen's Ali Abdullah Saleh was declared re-elected in a presidential election. 2006 - Gambian President Yahya Jammeh won a third term in office.
2006 - Gambian President Yahya Jammeh re-elected for third presidential term.
2007 - Marcel Marceau, the world's best-known mime artist, who for decades moved audiences across the globe without uttering a single word, died aged 84.
2008 - Myanmar's longest-serving political prisoner, journalist Win Tin, was released after a 19-year sentence.
2009 - World's first Bugatti showroom opens in Beijing.